Month In History

Discover the global events and personal stories of July

July 1, 1863

The Battle of Gettysburg

170,000 men fought for three days, often hand-to-hand, in encounters so epic they are known by name.

July 1, 1893

The Birth of a Precedent: Cleveland’s Great Deception, His Secret Cancer Surgery

The public’s right to know versus a President’s responsibility to protect. Just when, exactly, is secrecy warranted?

July 2, 1881

The Garfield Assassination

The assassin Charles Guiteau fired, twice, into his back. “My God!” the President cried, “What is this?”

July 4, 1956

The United States of America’s Independence Day: A Surprising Parallel 180 Years Later

In 1956, Israel’s Prime Minister looks to George Washington’s army for inspiration.

July 7, 1865

Lincoln Assassination Conspirator Mary Surratt Becomes the First Woman Executed by the Federal Government

Mary Surratt’s daughter petitions Andrew Johnson for the return of her mother’s remains.

July 7, 1924

Calvin Coolidge Jr.’s Death

A heart-broken president mourns his teenage son.

July 14, 1913

President Gerald R. Ford’s Birthday

President Gerald Ford, never elected to the office – nor, uniquely, to that of the Vice President – wanted to be remembered, he said, as a dedicated, hardworking, honest person who served constructively.

July 16, 1969

Anniversary of Apollo 11, the Mission That First Put a Man on the Moon

Just three months into his presidency, Kennedy pledged, in his address to Congress on May 25th, 1961, ”that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth.” To which he added “No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish.”

July 23, 1885

Mark Twain Eulogizes General Grant, Whose Memoirs He Would Publish

Twain on the heroic writing, and fantastic success, of Grant’s memoirs – Grant’s fame, he predicts, will last two-thousand years.

July 27, 1953

The Korean War Armistice

A war that ended in deadlock, starting something that would last for thirty-five years: the Cold War.

Assassination of William McKinley, Sept. 6th, 1901. c.1905. Library of Congress.
July 30, 1901

The McKinley Assassination Plot

Assassin Czolgosz, calling himself “Fred Nobody,” writes of Buffalo – the place he will murder McKinley in 5 weeks time.