Hundreds of Historic Manuscripts. Thousands More Being Digitized.

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Topic

Human Aspect

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    Manuscripts (666)

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    A Union Soldier Vividly Describes The Civil War Battle Of Fair Oaks

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 310

    Although the Battle of Fair Oaks took place just a few scant miles away from Richmond, McClellan’s massive Army halted and went no further. It would be another two years before the Union Army again got that close to Richmond.
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    Abraham Lincoln: The Purposes Of The Almighty Are Different Than Our Purposes

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 449

    Perhaps the greatest speech in all of American history, Lincoln says here that he expects it will “wear” better than anything he has ever produced, but believes “it is not immediately popular.” The reason for this is that “men are not flattered by being shown that there has been a difference of purpose between the Almighty and them.”
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    Invitation to Texas Breakfast With John F. Kennedy on the Day of His Assassination

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 2459

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    Rare Union Soldier's Account Of Ambush Resulting In Death Of Jewish Colonel Marcus Spiegel

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 2456

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    Elaborate Civil War Corps Badges Belonging to Jewish Officer Aaron Lazarus

    Historical artifacts

    3 pages

    SMC 1078

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    Jewish Officer Ferdinand Levy Recruits a Soldier into the Famed Les Enfants Perdu Regiment

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1577

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    Abraham Lincoln Considers The Promotion Of Austrian-Born Jewish Colonel William Mayer

    Autograph Endorsement Signed

    1 page

    SMC 863

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    Civil War Leave Of Absence Document For Jewish Soldier Sgt. Solomon B. Kauffman

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 199

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    Superlative Battlefield Letter From Bermuda Hundred

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 103

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    Medals Commemorating Napoleon's Defeat at Acre in 1799

    Historical artifacts

    1 page

    SMC 2363

    These four medals were minted to commemorate the landmark 1799 British victory at Acre, led by Sir Sidney Smith, over Napoleon’s French forces.
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    Jimmy Carter Condolence Letter To Widow Of Marine Killed In Failed 1980 Iranian Hostage Rescue

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1470

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    1861 Col. Max Friedman Cameroon Dragoons Patriotic Cover

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 1646

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    Lincoln Appoints Jewish Officer, E.M. Joel, to Serve on General Blair’s Staff

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 571

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    Exceptional Association Copy: Simon Wolf’s “Presidents I Have Known” Inscribed to Robert Todd Lincoln

    Signed Book Inscribed

    page

    SMC 2078

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    Simon Wolf Writes President Arthur  About Getting His Old Job, as Justice of the Peace, Back

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 381

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    Governor Hayes Responds to Having a Jewish Namesake

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1210

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    Chaim Weizmann on the Assassination of Russian Pogrom Organizer Plehve: A Pity He Didn't Die Years Ago

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1585

    Russian Interior Minister Vyacheslav Plehve, a notorious pogrom organizer and tormentor of the Jews, had been killed the week before by a bomb. Upon hearing of his death, Chaim Weizmann only wished it had happened sooner.
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    Harry Woodring Seeks Reappointment As Secretary Of War

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1405

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    Roosevelt Advises Scapegoated Woodring On How To Handle Negative Press Following Pearl Harbor

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1382

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    Third Term President Roosevelt Writes to Harry Woodring:

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1380

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    Following His Resignation, Former Secretary of War Woodring Writes A Curt Rebuttal To Roosevelt

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1379

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    Roosevelt Responds To Woodring Amidst The Intense Congressional Interest In Woodring's Resignation

    Typed Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1377

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    President Roosevelt Accepts With

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1375

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    Secretary of War Woodring's Handwritten Draft of His Controversial Resignation Letter to FDR

    Autograph Manuscript

    2 pages

    SMC 1361

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    On His Last Day In Office, James Monroe Writes His Bank, Trying To Make Sense Of His Account

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 935

    James Monroe’s Major Accomplishments, What He’s Known For, & His Last Day In Office
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    Grover Cleveland Worries He Cannot Bring His Baby Into Recently Quarantined White House After His Inauguration

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1967

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    Grover & Frances Cleveland: Cleveland Writes To His Bride-To-Be About Their Wedding

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1163

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    Mark Twain and Olivia Langdon: Twain Writes Ecstatically On The Pursuit Of His Future Wife

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1852

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    George Washington And Thomas Jefferson Signed Document: Trilingual Ships Papers

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1807

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    Abraham Lincoln's Prayer To

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2509

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    The Baltimore Plot and Attempted Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 2024

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    Napoleon, Failing To Conquer Palestine, Orders The Ransoming Of Prisoners: August 1799

    Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 236

    After sustaining massive losses in his campaign on the Holy Land, Napoleon attempts to raise some revenue by ransoming off the hostages in his possession.
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    President-Elect Harding Refers to His Upcoming Term as

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1550

    President-Elect Harding refers to his upcoming presidential term as "imprisonment in the White House," while expressing envy that his correspondent is going to Honolulu. Harding also informs him that the upcoming inauguration will be a very pared-down affair.
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    Young John F. Kennedy Condemns Harry Truman's Reversal to Support the Partition of Palestine

    Autograph Manuscript

    2 pages

    SMC 149

    At a dinner of Jewish veterans, John F. Kennedy, then a congressman from Massachusetts, condemns Harry Truman's withdrawal of support for the partition of Palestine as "one of the most unfortunate reversals in American policy. Kennedy also called for the US to lift the arms embargo in order to give Israel a chance to protect herself in the ensuing war.
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    Robert E. Lee's Famous Letter Declining to Furlough, As a Rule, Jewish Confederate Troops for the High Holidays

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 2494

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    Harry Truman on Margaret, His Memoirs, and

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2507

    Former President Harry Truman writes of his pride in his daughter's singing career and jokes with former Secretary of State and dear friend Dean Acheson, about passing the buck to him for editorial corrections to the former president's memoirs.
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    Truman on the Press

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1410

    Truman complains to Acheson that Republican papers across the country were coddling Eisenhower and serving as “mouthpieces” for Joe McCarthy, calling it the "age of hysteria."
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    Former PresidentHarry Truman on President John F. Kennedy's Handling of Racial Violence and the Cuban Missile Crisis

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1426

    Harry Truman suggests that the explosive situations in Mississippi and Cuba could have been avoided with appropriate, decisive presidential action from Kennedy, whom he refers to here not by name but only as "the man in charge," and "the man in the White House
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    Harry Truman Seeks to Protect His Legacy

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1419

    Former President Harry Truman writes to his dear friend and former Secretary of State Dean Acheson to push back against historians and communists about what really happened in the Truman White House.
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    Truman Accepts the Resignation of His

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1407

    Truman tells his newly-resigned Secretary of State Dean Acheson that he was more courageous and judicious than Thomas Jefferson and William H. Seward.
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    Harry Truman, From His Place of

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 693

    In this letter to Acheson, Truman remarks that he wanted to “punch the publisher” who wrote negatively of Dean Acheson and George Marshall, his friends and former secretaries of state. He chastises the “so called ‘free press’” and bemoans having to enduring criticisms while administering the “terrible responsibility” of the presidency.
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    Harry Truman Refers to Himself as an

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 695

    Harry Truman refers to his humble roots as he objects to high ticket prices for the upcoming Democratic dinner, contrasting himself to the current President, John F. Kennedy.
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    Truman on the Recognition of the Jewish State and the

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 370

    Two days into the Israeli War of Independence, Harry Truman thanks a rabbi for his offer to assist the President, and refers to the fledgling state's situation as "very dark."
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    Rare Letter to Bereaved: President Nixon's Response to the Kent State Shooting

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1464

    Nixon sends a letter of condolence to the parents of William Schroeder, who was killed at the Kent State anti-war demonstration in May of 1970.
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    “Big Bill” Taft, Happily Golfing, Relates His Post-Presidential Loss of Eighty Pounds

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1286

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    Lincoln's Jewish Friend from Springfield, Julius Hammerslough, Appeals to Rabbi Leeser to Help Fundraise for a Lincoln Memorial

    Broadside

    1 page

    SMC 226

    Lincoln's personal friend, Julian Hammerslough, asks Rabbi Leeser to raise funds in his synagogue for a memorial to the late President Lincoln.
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    On the Eve of Rebellion, Pierce Still Defends the Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 964

    Franklin Pierce, who signed the Kansas-Nebraska Act while president, thus enabling the spread of slavery, and pitting the North against the South, doubles down on his decision six years later, on the eve of the Civil War.
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    Pierce Defends the Democratic Party as Non-Sectional, Wonders About the Outcome of the 1860 Election

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1809

    Pierce insists that the Democratic party is united over the issue of slavery months before the presidential election of 1860 causes the party to split into Northern and Southern Democrats, respectively.
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    Ten-Cent Henry Rice Sutler Coin

    Historical artifacts

    1 page

    SMC 2241

    Ten-Cent Sutler coin of Henry Rice, a close friend of President Lincoln's. A sutler is a civilian merchant who sells goods and provisions to soldiers, usually out of the back of a wagon, with which he would follow the moving army.
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    Lincoln Directs His “Loyal and Sensible” Jewish Friend, Abraham Jonas to Review a Case of Disloyalty

    Autograph Endorsement Signed

    1 page

    SMC 411

    President Lincoln charges his friends, legal partners Abraham Jonas and Henry Asbury to dispatch with Thomas Thoroughman, a Confederate Colonel who also happened to be the city attorney for St. Joseph, Missouri.
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    Lincoln Family Friend Edward Jonas Recalls Abraham Lincoln and the Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 398

    Edward Jonas recalls his interactions with Abraham Lincoln during the Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858. Though he was a young boy at the time, he recounted how Lincoln exchanged stories with him and listened extremely attentively to him.
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    Camille Pissarro's Autographed Letter in Support of Emile Zola Amidst the Dreyfus Affair

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 919

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    Original 1900 Cook's Travel Poster - Nile & Palestine, with Sphinx

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 2434

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    Mark Twain Mourns an

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 2377

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    Twain Asks His Young

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 2111

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    Rare Receipt for Passage on the 1867

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2295

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    Original Painting of the Steamship

    Historical artifacts

    1 page

    SMC 2303

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    Saul Bellow on Kissinger, Sadat, and Writing

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1565

    In Jerusalem, and writing the journal which was to become "To Jerusalem and Back: A Personal Account," Bellow muses about his experiences in that city: the various and interesting people he is meeting, what he is thinking, and passing along what he has heard about two of great figures of that time and place – Henry Kissinger and Anwar Sadat.
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    President John F. Kennedy Polishes a Letter Declining to Write a Book on Thomas Jefferson

    Typed Letter

    1 page

    SMC 1448

    Emulating Jefferson's elegant simplicity, President Kennedy hones a letter in which he must decline an offer to write a book about the third president of the United States, due to time constraints.
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    President John F. Kennedy Says He’s Tempted to Write About Thomas Jefferson but His Current Job Takes Up All His Time

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 660

    President Kennedy declines a publisher's offer to write a book about Thomas Jefferson, citing his time-consuming job as President of the United States.
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    George Washington Describes His Daily Routine At Mount Vernon After 8 Years Of Neglect During His Presidency

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1556

    Two months after retiring, former President George Washington gives an account of his daily life at Mt. Vernon.
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    Theodore Roosevelt: “What a Dreadful Creature Wilson is!”

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1272

    One of Roosevelt's many jabs at Wilson, whom he labelled a coward for failing to declare war on Germany in 1915 after the sinking of the Lusitania.
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    Harry Truman Declares

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 646

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    An Invitation to hear the Israel Declaration of Independence, May 14 1948

    Typed Letter

    1 page

    SMC 219

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    Palestine, Truman Says, is a “Matter of Considerable Disturbance” to be Determined by U.N.

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 686

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    President Harry Truman Refers to Life in the White House as

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 690

    Truman, like other presidents, conceives of the role and constraints of the presidency as being like a "jail." Here, Truman explicitly calls the presidency a jail, referring to his inability to go on a trip to Panama with a friend.
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    President Harry Truman Writes about the Assassination Attempt on His Life Just the Day Before

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 691

    The day after a second assassination attempt in November of 1950, President Harry Truman expresses his fury at the stupidity of the would-be assassins, and mourns the two guards killed.
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    McKinley's Last Tour: Cortelyou Thanks the Mayor of San Francisco for His Help

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 116

    President McKinley's secretary, George Cortelyou thanks the Mayor of San Francisco on behalf of the McKinleys for all the help they received when Mrs. McKinley had taken ill out West.
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    President Woodrow Wilson: Lonely in the White House

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 128

    In Washington, President Woodrow Wilson, writing on the letterhead of his Cornish, N.H. estate at Harlakenden, reports to his daughters, whom he left behind in Cornish, that the White House is the most "empty and forlorn" house imaginable.
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    Lyndon B. Johnson on the Death of an Astronaut in the Apollo I Fire

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 131

    President Lyndon B. Johnson's letter of condolence to the parents of Roger B. Chaffee, an astronaut who died in the Apollo I fire.
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    Jack London, Hit Hard By the San Francisco Earthquake, Concentrates on Building His Yacht,

    Typed Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 140

    The San Francisco earthquake, just three weeks before, has nearly wiped London out, and he hasn't, he says here, the funds to invest in an improved gas stove; his priority is building "the Snark, " with which he will circumnavigate the globe.
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    President Harry Truman Says

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 154

    As Truman winds down his time in the White House, he confides to the mother of one of his best staffers that "it will be a relief to get out of Washington."
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    Woodrow Wilson Suspends His Campaign on Account of Theodore Roosevelt Assassination Attempt

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 172

    Here, Governor Wilson tells a political operative that he wishes with all his heart that it were possible for him to address a noonday meeting near the Borough Hall as suggested, but cannot. Wilson resumed his campaign when Roosevelt was discharged from hospital, and went on to win the election.
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    Despite Being Shot, Theodore Roosevelt is, Reportedly,

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 177

    Ebert Martin, Theodore Roosevelt's assistant, jumped on Roosevelt's would-be-assassin and wrestled him to the ground. Here he reports from Roosevelt's hospital room that the candidate is improving.
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    President Lyndon Johnson Salutes Sir Winston Churchill's Commitment to Zionism

    Typed Letter Signed

    5 pages

    SMC 194

    President Lyndon B. Johnson writes to Dr. Max Nussbaum, the president of the Zionist Organization of America, to add his congratulations to Sir Winston Churchill on receiving the Theodor Herzl award for his contributions to the Zionist cause.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Confidently Reports that the Mortally Wounded President McKinley is Doing Well

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 245

    Roosevelt feels assured not only that McKinley will recover, but that his recovery will be so speedy that in a very short time he will be able to resume his duties.
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    President Ronald Reagan Defends George Custer Against Charges of Negligence at Little Bighorn

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 248

    Describing himself as a "Custer Buff," President Ronald Reagan regrets that White House custom forbids his writing a foreword to a book on Custer. Reagan then goes on to defend Custer as a "brilliant officer," and rejects the idea that Custer's last stand was foolhardy, but actually following orders.
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    Praising the United Jewish Appeal, FDR Mentions Suffering Brought on by the Nazis

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 249

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt writes a bland letter to the chairmen of the United Jewish Appeal, in which he scratches the surface of the Holocaust and rather hollowly endorses the UJA.
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    Days After William McKinley's Death, Theodore Roosevelt Swears to Do His Best

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 251

    Roosevelt, who has just become President due to McKinley's assassination looks forward at what must be done, rather than being "morbid."
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    President Theodore Roosevelt Plans for Life After the White House: His African Safari

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 253

    Theodore Roosevelt, in the midst of planning his post-presidential safari, asks a fellow big-game hunter currently residing in East Africa for recommendations of hunting spots for specific animals.
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    President Herbert Hoover Silent on 1929 Hebron Massacre

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 330

    Writing to a minister's wife who was horrified by the 1929 anti-Jewish Hebron massacre in Palestine, President Herbert Hoover responds coolly to her "interesting observations."
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    President Harry Truman Defends Atomic Bombing of Japan as

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 367

    Harry Truman defends his use of the atomic bomb, reasoning that the only language the Japanese understand is that of extreme force.
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    Extraordinary Orville Wright Letter Discussing the Birth of Manned Flight at Kitty Hawk

    Typed Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 382

    Lawrence L. Driggs, who later went on to write extensively about early aviation, wrote a letter to Orville Wright asking him what was "the most interesting or significant episode in the birth of flying at Kitty Hawk." This long letter is Wright's response, primarily describing unusual soaring experiences during various test-flights.
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    Sen. John F. Kennedy Declines McCarthyite Alvin Owsley's Invitation to Visit Texas; Invites Him to Lunch

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    1 page

    SMC 340

    Kennedy’s letter to Alvin Owsley, addressed to him in Dallas, is dated almost ten years to the day on which he would make his ill-fated trip to that city as president. In a sad twist, Kennedy concludes the letter with the hope that he will be able to see Owsley during "one of my visits to Texas on another occasion."
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    President John F. Kennedy Plans a Pleasure Trip to His Ancestral Home, Ireland

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    1 page

    SMC 341

    Ahead of his trip to Ireland, President Kennedy reassures his close friend Dot Tubridy that she will be included in all presidential functions.
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    President John F. Kennedy On His Historic Trip to Ireland:

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    2 pages

    SMC 342

    John F. Kennedy writes to his close friend Dot Tubridy to tell her how much he enjoyed his trip to Ireland and seeing her.
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    In 1942, Ensign J.F. Kennedy Requests Sea Duty on a PT Vessel:

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 343

    This document sent John F. Kennedy to sea during World War II, where he would become a celebrated hero after his boat sunk, and he swam three miles to shore dragging a shipmate to safety with his lifejacket between his teeth.
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    President Kennedy Sends General Maxwell Taylor to South Vietnam to Appraise the Situation

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    1 page

    SMC 344

    Under pressure to send US ground troops to Vietnam, President John F. Kennedy plays for time by sending General Maxwell Taylor to South Vietnam to appraise the situation. Kennedy reminds Taylor that the "initial responsibility for the effective maintenance of the independence of South Viet-Nam rests with the people and government of that country."
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    President Harding, About to Leave on the Trip During Which He'll Die, Makes Plans to Meet a King

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1326

    President Warren Harding writes to arrange a royal visit from King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy upon his return from the trip he was embarking on. The meeting would never happen, as Harding would die on the trip.
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    President Warren G. Harding: Possibly the Last Letter He Wrote from the White House

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    1 page

    SMC 1327

    In this eerie letter, in all probability the last that Harding wrote from the White House, he discusses a memorial proposed to be erected south of the cemetery in Marion, OH. A few weeks later, Harding would be dead, and the memorial erected to him would be in the precise location of the monument he discusses here.
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    President Warren G. Harding Acclaims Abraham Lincoln the Apogee of the Golden Age of American Statesmanship

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    1 page

    SMC 1331

    President Warren G. Harding, whose administration would be marred by scandal and corruption, reflects on the Edenic, Lincolnian age of politics, in which all men were giants owing to the "moral intensity of this one man," Abraham Lincoln.
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    President Warren G. Harding: He Won’t

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    1 page

    SMC 1336

    President Warren Harding promises his Solicitor General, James Montgomery Beck, that he would not "overdo it" on a trip across the continent, the stress of which would ultimately kill him.
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    Former President Herbert Hoover, at Seventy-Five, Confesses His Hope to Make Ninety - Which He Did

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    1 page

    SMC 1345

    Former President Herbert Hoover congratulates F.A. Seiberling - the founder of Goodyear Tire - on his ninetieth birthday, and hopes that he, too, will be as fortunate to make it to ninety.
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    Woodrow Wilson Lobbies for Ratification of the Treaty of Versailles - A Matter of Gravest Consequence

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1313

    This letter is an example of Woodrow Wilson's attempt to court Republican senators to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, of which he was one of the chief negotiators; Congress refused to ratify it.
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    Woodrow Wilson Explains That He Wouldn't, and Couldn't, Pardon Atlantic City Boss Kuehnle

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    1 page

    SMC 1319

    As Governor of New Jersey, Woodrow Wilson brought down crime boss Louis Kuehne. When asked if he would pardon him, Wilson replied that he couldn't, and even if he could, he would not.
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    Woodrow Wilson on How the Bodies of America's WWI Dead Are Handled Prior to Eventual Re-Burial in the US

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    1 page

    SMC 1320

    President Woodrow Wilson explains the process by which every fallen soldier is tagged and temporarily buried until their bodies can be brought to their final resting place in the United States.
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    Woodrow Wilson on the Emotional Impact WWI Has Had on Him - Which Led to His Devastating Stroke

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    1 page

    SMC 1321

    Woodrow Wilson confides that he doesn't read anything pertaining to World War One that "renews too deeply the emotions of wartime," as he is "too much affected and too upset by it."
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    Taft, Running for President Against Theodore Roosevelt, Calls Him a

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1290

    Taft says he wouldn't mind losing the election against Roosevelt, if only to have thwarted Roosevelt from gaining a third term in the White House. He calls Roosevelt "a genuine menace to the welfare of our country."
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    William Howard Taft Confesses He's

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1291

    A deflated Taft, who had recently finished third in the elections as a sitting President, appreciates the invitation to a specific event, but regretfully must decline this, and all others, at the moment, until he settles into his new role as a university lecturer. He especially regrets it, as he fears that these invitations will cease as he fades "away into obscurity."
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    President-Elect Howard Taft Qualifies the Thought of a Four Year Term:

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    1 page

    SMC 1292

    President-Elect William H. Taft informs an acquaintance that since he is about to assume the presidency, he must remain in the United States for at least four years, if he lives.
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    Harry Truman Letter Written as Vice-President But Signed as President with

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 585

    A letter from Harry Truman written as Vice President, then amended by hand as President, mentioning the "terrible responsibilities" that are now his. Truman had started this letter in the morning, as vice president, but by the evening, had ascended the presidency, following President Franklin D. Roosevelt's death that day.
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    Chaim Weizmann Thanks Clark Clifford for His Help In Getting President Truman to Recognize Israel

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 647

    Clark Clifford, President Truman's aide, argued against Secretary of State George Marshall "as if it were a case to be presented to the Supreme Court." Truman immediately recognized the Jewish State, and Weizmann, on his first day as President of Israel, thanks him.
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    Eisenhower & Kennedy:  Eisenhower Writes JFK a Chilly Letter After Losing the 1960 Election

    Typed Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 703

    Eisenhower coldly, yet cordially, confirms that his friend and Defense Liaison Officer, General Andrew Goodpaster, will be staying, as per Kennedy's request, with the President until February or March.
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    President-Elect Eisenhower Thanks Mary Lincoln's Niece for the Gift of a

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    1 page

    SMC 704

    President-Elect Eisenhower thanks the grandniece of Mary Lincoln for a gift of a pen holder made from the original wood of the Lincoln Homestead.
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    JFK’s Drafted Letter to Medgar Evers' Widow, Myrlie, on Evers' Assassination

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 712

    John F. Kennedy writes a condolence letter to Medgar Evers's widow. Four hours before Evers was shot in front of his wife and children, Kennedy had given a televised speech calling for an end to racial discrimination.
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    After His

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    1 page

    SMC 715

    President Kennedy thanks General Landon, the Commander in Chief of the United States Air Force in Europe for the "magnificent way" in which the General ensured that Kennedy's visit to Germany was a success.
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    President John F. Kennedy on the Death of His Infant Son, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy

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    1 page

    SMC 716

    President John F. Kennedy's infant son Patrick Bouvier Kennedy was born prematurely and lived for 39 hours. Five days later, the president thanks his sister-in-law and husband for their support during this difficult time.
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    Jack London on

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    1 page

    SMC 719

    Jack London tells a fan and possible relative that London is a common Jewish surname and he has often been approached by Jewish people inquiring if he is related to the Jewish contingent.
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    Frank Lloyd Wright on

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    1 page

    SMC 725

    Frank Lloyd Wright ostensibly responds to Lewis Mumford's book, The Conduct of Life, recently sent to him – and refers, obliquely, to Mumford's criticism of the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
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    Frank Lloyd Wright, Infuriated by His

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 726

    Frank Lloyd Wright, infuriated by "obituaries" of his work, and deeply resentful of the "European invasion" of ideas, vows to make a comeback for the sake of architecture itself.
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    Orville Wright Sets the Record Straight About the First Flight

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    1 page

    SMC 728

    Twenty seven years after making history at Kitty Hawk, Orville Wright sets the record straight about three questions surrounding the first flight.
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    Harry Truman Writes General Hap Arnold About FDR's Death, Two and a Half Weeks Before, as

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 694

    Two weeks after Franklin Delano Roosevelt's death, Harry Truman is still reeling from the shock and his new role with all its responsibilities.
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    Harry Truman Presents Supreme Court Chief Justice Vinson With a Gavel Having

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 680

    Harry Truman presents the Supreme Court Chief Justice Fred Vinson with a gavel made from the Jefferson Tree at Fulton Missouri. Here, Truman tells the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Missouri, "Tip" Tipton how pleased both he and Vinson are with the gavel and its "historical connections."
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    Harry Truman Tells How He Learned He Became the President: FDR's Death, He Says, Was a Complete Surprise

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 684

    In this letter to Louis Reed (an administrative assistant to a West Virginia senator), Harry Truman reassures him that at the time they met, Truman had no idea that Roosevelt had died, and that he'd be ascending the presidency. It was as much of a surprise to Truman as to anyone else.
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    Early Carte-de-Visite Photo of Longtime U.S. Consul to Jerusalem, Selah Merrill

    Carte de Visite

    1 page

    SMC 2230

    Selah Merrill, known primarily as the longtime U.S. Consul to Jerusalem, famous for his antipathy for the Jewish people there, as well as anyone outside of mainstream Protestantism, was also, ironically, a chaplain with the 49th Colored Infantry during the Civil War. This rare carte-de-visite photo dates from his year's service in that capacity.
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    Abraham Lincoln Carte-de-Visite Photo By Mathew Brady of Which Lincoln Said

    Carte de Visite

    1 page

    SMC 1694

    Lincoln sat for his portrait more than forty times, but he said that if he had to pick an image that looked most like him, it would be this one.
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    Carte-de-Visite of Abolitionist Crusader Rabbi David Einhorn

    Carte de Visite

    1 page

    SMC 1764

    This photograph was taken in Baltimore, where the German rabbi had his first American congregation, and where he eventually had to flee for his life due to his outspoken opposition to slavery. He would never return.
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    Mark Twain Signed Photo by Abdullah Frères in Constantinople

    Carte de Visite

    1 page

    SMC 1683

    Photo signed as Samuel Clemens, taken in 1867 in Constantinople by Abdullah Frères. Clemens was in the midst of his trip on "The Quaker City," which also took him to the Holy Land.
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    At the End of His Life, Albert Einstein Writes Check to His Beloved Hebrew University

    Check Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1814

    The Hebrew University was a dream towards which Einstein devoted a considerable amount of time, including serving on its board, speaking at its inauguration, and bequeathing all of his papers to it. Nearing the end of his life, he wrote this check, in 1955 for $10 (equivalent to $90 in today's money) to the American Friends of the Hebrew University.
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    Excessively Rare Presidential Check Signed by Zachary Taylor

    Check Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1612

    Taylor, a career soldier, wrote this check to himself while stationed in Louisiana. Likely the only surviving check written by Taylor.
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    Very Rare Printed Presidential Check Signed by Franklin Pierce: He Purchases Coal for the White House

    Check Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1074

    With this, one of the rarest surviving presidential checks, Franklin Pierce purchased coal for the White House in September of 1854.
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    One of Benjamin Harrison's First Personal Checks as President

    Check Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1177

    This, one of the first personal checks signed by Benjamin Harrison as president, was written to the Treasurer of the American Bar Association, Francis Rawle of Philadelphia.
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    A Very Rare President Warren G. Harding Signed Check

    Check Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1325

    Exceedingly rare check signed by Warren G. Harding as President.
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    Abraham Lincoln's Check to His Son, Robert Lincoln, to Equip Him For Service Under Grant

    Check Signed

    1 page

    SMC 456

    Check from Abraham Lincoln to his son, Robert Todd Lincoln. The president had finally allowed his son to serve in the war, and made sure he was sent to General Grant. This check was to ensure that his son was properly kitted out for war.
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    Check of Jewish-Owned Cochise County Bank in Tombstone Sends Money to and from Jewish Merchants

    Check Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1924

    Interesting artifact of Jewish life in the American West: a transaction from a Jewish owned bank in Tombstone to a Jewish tobacconists in San Francisco.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Lambasts Woodrow Wilson for Refusing to Let Him Lead a Division in World War I

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    1 page

    SMC 2022

    Fifty-nine year old, arthritic, overweight Theodore Roosevelt lambasts President Woodrow Wilson for refusing to allow him to lead a division in World War I, calling it Wilson's inability to "rise above the cheapest kind of party politics."
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    FDR's 1938 Plan to Settle Jewish and

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    2 pages

    SMC 473

    In 1938, Franklin Delano Roosevelt remarks, in the strictest privacy, that "in the crowded state of affairs in some nations in Europe and in certain areas of the United States, existing situations could be relieved by a small but fairly constant stream of emigrants to the unoccupied parts of the world." FDR is referring here to not only "white" refugees, but to European Jews as well.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Decries the Deprivations Suffered by His Rough Riders After Battle of San Juan Hill

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    2 pages

    SMC 465

    Colonel Theodore Roosevelt writes to the father of one of his soldiers who was taken ill with typhoid fever. He thanks the father for his offer to send some food to the soldiers but condemns the government for not providing enough food, supplies, and medical treatment to his cavalry.
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    An Early and Rare Account by Orville Wright of the First Flight at Kitty Hawk

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 431

    Three weeks after the first flight at Kitty Hawk, Orville Wright dives into a detailed and technical explanation of what went right in the flight, and what went wrong.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Expresses His Dislike of the Motor Car

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 423

    Though he was the first president to ride in an automobile, President Theodore Roosevelt had a profound dislike for them. He does, concede, however, that once their use is regulated, they will likely be less objectionable.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Arranges a Dramatic Presentation About the Rough Riders

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    2 pages

    SMC 424

    Roosevelt arranges to meet Mason Mitchell, whom he deems "the only Rough Rider with dramatic and literary capacity," in order to discuss their dramatic presentation about the Rough Riders.
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    Einstein on Zionism: He is for a Jewish Homeland, But Not a Separate State

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    1 page

    SMC 392

    Rather than an independent Jewish state, Einstein would like to see a "secured bi-national status in Palestine with free immigration," adding that it defies common sense to "ask to be given the political rule over Palestine where two thirds of the population are not Jewish."
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    Life's Lessons: John F. Kennedy Advises a College Student What Classes to Take for a Life in Politics

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    1 page

    SMC 522

    John F. Kennedy, then a senator, is asked what he recommends as a course of study for a young person wishing to enter politics. In addition to recommending joining a campaign for practical knowledge, Kennedy says he feels that a "thorough knowledge of English is most essential," followed by the obvious choice of law for postgraduate studies.
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    John F. Kennedy: National Security and Future of the Space Program Depend on Ending Labor Strife Delays

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 523

    John F. Kennedy views the delays with the labor unions as a threat to not only the space program, but to national security. He urges Arthur Goldberg, the Secretary of Labor, to come to a swift arrangement with union leaders in order to resume the space race against the Soviets.
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    Early John F. Kennedy Letter About the Death of His Brother Joe, Which Would Propel Him Into Politics

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 524

    This letter thanking Miss Forbush for her condolences and prayers on the occasion of Joe Jr.'s death in World War II marks the beginning of John F. Kennedy's shouldering the mantle of his father's political aspirations.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Writes

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    1 page

    SMC 547

    Here, in print, Theodore Roosevelt appropriates the word "bully" to use as a commendation.
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    Theodore Roosevelt on Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address:

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 548

    Theodore Roosevelt accepts compliments on his address for the upcoming cornerstone ceremonies of the Lincoln birthplace, and is grateful that his words are not printed alongside the immortal Gettysburg address.
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    With World War I Still Raging, Theodore Roosevelt Mourns His Fallen Son

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 550

    Writing a fortnight after the death of his favorite son, Quentin, Theodore Roosevelt admits his difficulty, and remarks that "the old should not live when the young die."
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    Einstein, Working to Save Jews from Hitler, Discusses

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 794

    Einstein discusses the Brown Book, an expose documenting, amongst other things, the oppression of Jews. The growing momentum of speaking out against Nazism was encouraging for Einstein, but he thought that it would be more impactful if the criticism came from "only foreign non-Jews." Einstein understood that with his high profile, his public condemnation of Germany would have deadly consequences for German Jews.
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    Albert Einstein Advises a Young Refugee From Germany, Then Controlled By What He Called

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 796

    Einstein encourages a young German immigrant to stay in California, as it offers more opportunities than Palestine; he advises against returning to Europe, from where, as he put it, "no good can come." He especially warns against Germany, controlled by "The Hitler Gang."
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    Einstein:

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 797

    In his reply to Inge Stern, a German ?migr?e to Los Angeles, Einstein notes that he's pleased she's getting on well, and adds that "Jewish smarts serve one well."
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    Albert Einstein Disagrees with Louis Brandeis; Argues that Palestine is Not the Key to Jewish Survival

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 798

    Writing in 1936, Einstein disagrees with Louis Brandeis that a Jewish state is necessary for Jewish continuity. "The persecutions will never cause us to perish," Einstein argues, and the dispersion of Jews around the globe ensures their survival.
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    Einstein Discusses an Understanding With the Arabs and Zionist Politics in 1942

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 800

    Writing in 1942, Einstein reiterates his support for Judah Magnes's proposal that the Jews and the Arabs of Palestine would come to an arrangement themselves, without the intervention of the British.
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    Einstein On His Anti-Nazi Work:

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    1 page

    SMC 801

    In 1943, Albert Einstein writes to Lionel Ettlinger that had people only listened to the pair of them, the horrors of the Holocaust could have been avoided. Einstein had travelled throughout Belgium and England in 1933 - shortly after Ettlinger had released a documentary about the German aggression against the Jews in Europe - warning anyone who would listen.
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    David Ben-Gurion Compares, Favorably, the Fledgling IDF to George Washington's Revolutionary Army

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 766

    At a critical juncture, when Israel was vastly outnumbered, Ben-Gurion compares the fledgling IDF to "an army that had been established by the owner of an estate in Virginia." Though Ben-Gurion compares the IDF to George Washington's Revolutionary Army and wishes to learn from it, he also claims that the Jewish people's situation is "different from any other nation."
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    Former President Theodore Roosevelt Writes About Taking Books on His Upcoming Safari to Africa

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1274

    Former President Theodore Roosevelt tells Samuel Crothers that he has limited space for books while on safari, but is bringing Crothers's A Gentle Reader.
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    Theodore Roosevelt:

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1276

    Theodore Roosevelt expresses his admiration for Abraham Lincoln and wishes to emulate him in championing the cause of the common people.
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    Theodore Roosevelt on the sinking of the Lusitania

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1278

    Theodore Roosevelt resented Woodrow Wilson's weak position on German naval aggression. Here, he unequivocally states that had Wilson shown some strong leadership and stood up to Germany, over 1000 civilians would not have lost their lives at sea.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Writes From

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1255

    Before departing Panama, Theodore Roosevelt writes to Dr. Manuel Amador Guerrero who, as the first President of Panama, received Roosevelt when he visited the Canal Zone in November, 1906. Roosevelt and Amador had worked together on creating the Panama Canal, and here Roosevelt thanks Amador for his thoughtful gifts.
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    A Final Roar: In One of His Last Letters, Theodore Roosevelt Blasts Woodrow Wilson

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1256

    Three days before he died, Theodore Roosevelt, by then unable to rise from the sofa and write, dictated this letter. In it, he finds the strength to lambast Woodrow Wilson for erring "in intellectual honesty and moral straight-forwardness," as well as finding fault in his own "single error," which was to support Wilson for the first sixty days of World War I.
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    Theodore Roosevelt on the

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    1 page

    SMC 1257

    Theodore Roosevelt, who had recently created the Progressive party when he lost the Republican party nomination to Taft, takes stock.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Bitterly Regrets Being Forced to Sit Through WWI At Home

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1253

    Roosevelt has lost one son to the Great War, and two have been badly injured in it. He can't stand the idea that his sons have been put in harm's way, whilst he remains at home, and finds it terrible that the war takes the young. Roosevelt also finds it "more terrible, of course, if the young fear to face death in a great crisis for a great cause."
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    Secretary of Navy Long: President William McKinley,

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1186

    In this private note to his daughter, in which he discusses, amongst other things, a birthday present for his daughter, Naval Secretary John Long reveals that President William McKinley will absolutely not be seeking a third term.
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    Carl Sandburg: Walt Whitman

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1110

    Carl Sandburg, a poet who won acclaim for his four-volume biography of Abraham Lincoln, tells Morris Lychenheim,one of Whitman’s last surviving friends, that Walt Whitman "strolls in and out of the pages regularly."
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    Chief Justice William Howard Taft:

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1030

    Chief Justice Taft looks forward to reading Emmanuel Hertz’s Lincoln addresses, noting that "The fame of Lincoln has spread to every land, and details in respect to his personality will certainly prove to be of interest and usefulness."
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    Chief Justice William Howard Taft Comments on an Abraham Lincoln Address by Emanuel Hertz

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1031

    William Howard Taft, the only man to be both President and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court here comments, obliquely, on an address about Lincoln, in which Emanuel Hertz has "noted a reference to a suggestion of mine."
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    President William McKinley Writes to the Widow of His Vice President and Dear Friend, Mrs. Hobart

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 915

    In this letter, written four months after the death of his vice-president and dear friend, Garret Hobart, President McKinley thanks Mrs. Tuttle-Hobart for the gift of fruit, and for the wonderful time spent together with her and her son.
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    Chaim Weizmann Thanks British Zionist Leader for a Copy of His Book,

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 829

    Weizmann thanks the British Zionist leader, Phineas Horowitz, for a copy of his new book, The Jews, the War and After, which he looks forward to reading "with much pleasure and profit."
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    Theodore Roosevelt Jr. Looks Forward to Receiving Books on Judaism

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 925

    After lunching with Lincoln biographer and Jewish activist Emmanuel Hertz, Theodore Roosevelt Jr. tells Hertz that he looks forward to receiving the latter's brother's book on Judaism, as well as the Jewish Publication Society's latest translation of the Bible.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Jr. Has Received Jewish Books and is Reading Them With

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 926

    Having received the Jewish books from Emmanuel Hertz, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. follows up and tells him that he's already set to reading them with "the greatest of interest."
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    Theodore Roosevelt Jr. Lists Favorite Parts from

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 927

    Theodore Roosevelt Jr. avidly read Joseph Hertz's book about Jewish thought, and lists for Hertz's brother Emanuel, his favorite passages.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Jr. Tells Emanuel Hertz He Will Always Try to Justify His Good Opinion

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 929

    Having lunched together and corresponded for some half dozen years, Roosevelt tells Hertz it will always be his earnest endeavor to justify his good opinion.
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    Secretary of Interior on Campaign to Stop German Annihilation of Jews -The Holocaust- During WWII

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1616

    Letter from the Secretary of the Interior of the United States, inviting friends to join a campaign to end the German annihilation of the Jews of Europe.
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    Herzl Directs U.S. Zionists to Force McKinley to Protest Turkish Discrimination of Jews in Palestine

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1680

    In 1900, the Ottoman Empire officially barred Jews from visiting the Holy Land. The Italian government immediately protested this violation of human rights, which distinguished between Jewish and Gentile Italian citizens. Here, Theodor Herzl aims to introduce the debate to Congress or Senate so that a country as powerful as the United States would emulate Italy's example, inspiring other countries to follow suit.
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    President Calvin Coolidge Writes to a Jewish American About the Book

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1650

    This brief letter documents a rare instance of Calvin Coolidge communicating with a Jewish American and, rarer still, about an aspect of Judaism: here he thanks Emanuel Hertz for a copy of the Chief Rabbi of the British Empire’s popular work, A Book of Jewish Thoughts.
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    President Calvin Coolidge Declares His Abiding Interest in Abraham Lincoln

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1653

    Here, President Calvin Coolidge thanks Emanuel Hertz, the Lincoln scholar and Jewish activist, for his book on Lincoln, confiding that he "is always deeply interested" in Lincoln.
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    President Herbert Hoover, on the Lessons to be Drawn from Abraham Lincoln's Life

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1654

    President Herbert Hoover, addressing a Lincoln biographer, suggests that Lincoln's greatness was not in winning a war, but in his conduct and attitude in victory.
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    Albert Einstein Tells Cyril Clemens He Consents to Having a Street Named After Him - But That's All

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1781

    Here Einstein responds to Mark Twain’s third cousin once removed, that he is willing to have a street named for him in Webster Groves, Missouri, but his health won't allow for him to attend the ceremony in order to deliver a speech.
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    Einstein on the Holocaust: He Never Forgot, Never Forgave

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1782

    Einstein declines an invitation to join Weltstaatliga (World State League), explaining that he can no longer participate in German public endeavors after the genocide of the Jews.
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    President McKinley’s Secretary Cancels McKinley's Engagements

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1861

    McKinley’s devoted secretary, George Cortelyou regrets to cancel President McKinley's appearance at Harvard University, "owing to Mrs. McKinley's serious illness."
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    Benjamin Harrison: The Earliest Known Example of a Typewritten Presidential Letter

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1818

    This 1889 letter to a book bindery owner in Philadelphia, thanking him for the gift of an olive wood box which he had made especially for the new President, is the earliest known example of a presidential typewritten letter.
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    Reagan Worries That the Left Wants Conservatives in Concentration Camps and Says LBJ is a Bum

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1898

    Two days after the crushing defeat of Barry Goldwater, Reagan takes stock of the nascent Conservative movement, speculates that the Left wants to see the Right in concentration camps, and gives vent to a rare burst of personal animosity: Lyndon Johnson, he declares, is a bum.
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    Newly Sworn-in Theodore Roosevelt Reacts with Foreboding: a Heavy and Painful Task Has Fallen Upon Him

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1541

    Grief-stricken over the death of President William McKinley just hours before, newly sworn-in Theodore Roosevelt describes the task before him as both "heavy" and "painful."
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    Gregory Jarvis Says That Space Mission Assignment is

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1509

    Explaining that "being assigned to any mission is relatively tentative and re-assignment is just the luck of the draw," Jarvis tells his correspondent that after being bumped, he has been assigned to the Challenger as a payload specialist.
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    President Ronald Reagan, Burdened by Budget Crisis, Happily Escapes Washington for a Day

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1483

    President Reagan, who was encountering great difficulty in having his budget passed in the Senate, enjoys a day in New Jersey, addressing the University of Seton Hall.
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    President Ronald Reagan on Challenges:

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1484

    In this letter, Ronald Reagan demonstrates the optimism for which he became famous.
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    President Gerald Ford Writes About His Admiration of Abraham Lincoln

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1468

    President Gerald Ford admires Lincoln more than anyone because of his "honesty, integrity and utmost dedication to the American people," and his willingness to confront slavery.
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    Six Months After His Resignation, a Rare Richard Nixon Comment on Watergate: He Took One for the Team

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1463

    Nixon implies that his resignation of the presidency was done in part to ensure the political survival of associates and supporters.
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    Vice President Johnson Quotes JFK's Famous

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1454

    In thanking a lawyer for contributing a thoughtful report on business investment, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson misquotes John F. Kennedy's "ask not what your country can do for you" inaugural challenge.
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    Lyndon B. Johnson Writes to the Parents of Astronaut Gus Grissom, Killed in the Apollo I Fire

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1459

    President Johnson loved the Space Program; loved the astronauts; loved awarding Gus Grissom NASA's Distinguished Service Medal, for being the first American to fly into space twice. Burying Grissom, and his comrades, was a bitter responsibility – which he followed, still, with personal letters of condolence.
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    Harry Truman Muses on Presidential Succession and Disability

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1415

    In this remarkable letter, Truman, who inherited the presidency upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945, muses to his ex-Secretary of State about presidential succession in the case of death, or even disability.
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    Harry Truman Reads John Nicolay and John Hay on Abraham Lincoln, As He Tries to Write History of Presidency

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1417

    Harry Truman gratefully accepts the complete works of Lincoln, which he sees as a great help to his research on the history of the presidency.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Comments On, and Then Annotates, a Manuscript Detailing the Attempt Made on His Life

    Typed Letter Signed

    5 pages

    SMC 258

    Theodore Roosevelt comments on a manuscript detailing, step by step and minute by minute, the assassination attempt made on his life on October 14, 1912.
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    Secretary of War William H. Taft Reports That San Francisco is Almost Destroyed in the Earthquake

    Typed Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 261

    Secretary of War Taft writes this missive primarily about the administration of the Philippines, and expresses concern for Associate Justice to the Supreme Court of the Philippines, James Francis Smith, whom he knew to be in San Francisco during the earthquake. The scale of the damage was as yet unclear, and Taft reports that the city was almost destroyed, and since telegraph wires are down, "we are in the dark."
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    Einstein on the Tragedy of Herzl's Son:

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 311

    Albert Einstein comments that the tragic story of Theodor Herzl's children "constitutes a warning to all Jews against defection from their people," and gives permission to the author of a forthcoming book about Herzl to use Einstein's remark for PR.
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    Warren G. Harding Thanks a Young Girl for a Four-Leaf Clover, Just as His Luck was Running Out

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 324

    In June of 1923, a young girl named Vivian Little sent President Warren G. Harding a pressed four-leaf clover for good luck. Ironically, that month would bring the worst luck yet for the President; the scandals he was involved in were beginning to surface, and his heart disease would take his life within two months.
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    Chaim Weizmann to Orde Wingate's Widow About a Memorial for Wingate at Hebrew University in Jerusalem

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 374

    Writing to Lorna Wingate, the young widow of Orde Wingate, the British champion of the Jewish Zionist cause, Chaim Weizmann advises her about the political necessities in undertaking a memorial to her late husband at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
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    On His First Day in Office,

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2051

    Masking his true feelings about his predecessor, Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower, President John F. Kennedy, a Democrat, and twenty-eight years Eisenhower's junior, thanks him for a smooth transition of power.
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    John F. Kennedy Letter, Post-Dated November 26, 1963, Signed Before He Left for Dallas

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2181

    A letter from President Kennedy wishing Senator Dan Flood a happy birthday, dated November 26, 1963, four days after Kennedy was assassinated. Kennedy had signed the letter before leaving for Dallas.
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    Teddy Roosevelt's Inauguration: TR Accepts a Gift For His 1905 Inauguration Day Suit

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2345

    Theodore Roosevelt eagerly accepts the gift of a fine fabric with which to make his 1905 inauguration suit.
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    Lew Wallace's Signed

    Calling Card

    1 page

    SMC 594

    The author of Ben Hur's calling card, identifying Lew Wallace as the American Minister to Turkey.
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    Golda Meir: Her

    Calling Card

    2 pages

    SMC 540

    Here, future Prime Minister Golda Meir, then Labor Minister Golda Myerson, signs her name, in Hebrew, on her Calling Card, sometime between 1949 and 1956 – before, that is, Ben-Gurion ordered her to Hebraicize her name.
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    Franklin Pierce Scrawls an Urgent Message on His Calling Card

    Calling Card

    1 page

    SMC 544

    This rare autographed calling card of Franklin Pierce was written in haste and left at the occupant's vacant lodgings. Pierce is sorry to have missed the person but asks that they call on him later that evening at his hotel.
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    Theodor Herzl, Hustling and Bustling, Sends Thanks for a Joke

    Calling Card

    1 page

    SMC 515

    A cordial Herzl inscribes his thanks, on his personal calling card, "for the good joke," and apologizes for not answering a friendly letter "in the hustle and bustle of recent days."
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    Theodor Herzl Asks Jewish Sculptor Samuel Friedrich Beer to Show

    Calling Card

    1 page

    SMC 516

    Theodor Herzl asks his friend, the sculptor Samuel Friedrich Beer to show an acquaintance, a Mr. Simon, around his studio.
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    Thomas Jefferson's Visiting Card, Bearing His Signature in an Ornate Printed Border - A Rarity

    Calling Card

    2 pages

    SMC 519

    Thomas Jefferson's calling card; ornately decorated, yet inscribed with the simple "Mr. Jefferson."
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    Andrew Johnson Calling Card, Signed Four Times

    Calling Card

    1 page

    SMC 521

    Andrew Johnson signed his calling card four times, and crossed out one signature and his printed name. It's possible that he did this because he was practising signing his name after his right hand was severely injured in a train wreck.
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    Abraham Lincoln Swears That He Shall Not Retract or Modify the Emancipation Proclamation

    Autograph Quotation Signed

    1 page

    SMC 455

    At the request of Henry C. Wright of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, Lincoln vows to not retract or modify the Emancipation Proclamation.
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    Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address Transcript & With Malice Toward None Quote in Autograph

    Autograph Quotation Signed

    1 page

    SMC 401

    Lincoln writes and autographs the famous "with malice towards none" paragraph from his second inaugural address.
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    Frederick Douglass Quotes Abraham Lincoln:

    Autograph Quotation Signed

    1 page

    SMC 296

    Frederick Douglass, who was asked by Abraham Lincoln himself what Douglas thought of his second inaugural speech, here autographs the famous Lincolnian quotation from that address.
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    Famous Mark Twain Aphorism About Deserving Honors

    Autograph Quotation Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 284

    Mark Twain signs the back of a menu for the The Willard Hotel in January of 1906. The aphorism: "On the whole, it is better to deserve honors & not have them, than to have them & not deserve them."
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    Theodore Roosevelt: Famous

    Autograph Quotation Signed

    1 page

    SMC 252

    Autographed quotation of famous "square deal" with accompanying letter to Richard Lee Fern. The square deal was Roosevelt's call for equal opportunities for every man and woman in the United States. Equality politically, socially, and in "matters industrial."
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    President Rutherford B. Hayes Quotes Abraham Lincoln on Equal Opportunities for All

    Autograph Quotation Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1202

    President Rutherford B. Hayes quotes Abraham Lincoln, calling for all to have "an equal start and a fair chance in the race of life."
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    Autograph Quotation Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1696

    Autographed aphorism, signed as Mark Twain.
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    From

    Autograph Quotation Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1682

    Mark Twain's handwritten irreverent soliloquy from the Tomb of Adam in the Holy Land from Innocents Abroad.
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    Both Parties Deprecated War: Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address Quote, In Autograph

    Autograph Quotation Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1551

    Lincoln writes and autographs the famous "both sides deprecated war" passage from his second inaugural address.
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    Dr. Cyrus Adler Lectures in 1893 On His Presidentially-Mandated Tour of the Levant

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 1601

    Handbill for Dr. Cyrus Adler's lecture about his three-year tour of the Levant.
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    Famous Painting by John Falter of the 1912 Attempted Assassination of Theodore Roosevelt

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 1540

    This painting depicts the exact moment when Theodore Roosevelt rose to give a speech, and his secretary - an ex-football player named Elbert H. Martin - glimpsed the gun and leapt from the car onto the would-be assassin.
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    Rail Ticket for the Historic Jaffa-Jerusalem Railroad

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 1723

    Rail Ticket, in French and Arabic, for the Jaffa-Jerusalem Railroad, 2nd Class. Palestine, no date. Punched and cancelled.
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    Important People, Hoover Explains, Don't Have Time to Write Longhand - Or Like Their Letters Being Sold

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1352

    Herbert Hoover explains that important men neither have the time to write letters by longhand, nor do they like the "trafficking" of their letters.
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    Franklin D. Roosevelt, as President-Elect, Recognizes the

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1359

    Franklin D. Roosevelt acknowledges not only the "grave responsibility," but the "great opportunities" in his new role as President.
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    A Ronald Reagan Photo in Front of the Berlin Wall, Inscribed With

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 1471

    Autograph quote from Ronald Reagan on a photo of him in front of the Berlin Wall near the Brandenburg gate. The famous "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!"
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    Signed Photo of Edmund Allenby Entering Jerusalem

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 1772

    In direct contrast to Kaiser Wilhelm II's entrance to Jerusalem on horseback, Edmund Allenby respectfully dismounted before entering the Holy City. He was the first Christian to rule Jerusalem in centuries.
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    Abraham Lincoln Signed Photo: The

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 1702

    One of five photographs of Abraham Lincoln taken by Mathew Brady in Washington on January 8, 1864, it is sometimes called "The Solitary Pine" pose, from the comment by Francis Grierson, who saw Lincoln debate Douglas. Lincoln, he said, "rose from his seat, stretched his long, bony limbs upwards as if to get them in working order and stood like some solitary pine on a lonely summit."
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    Rutherford B. Hayes Signed Photograph as President

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 1200

    President Hayes inscribes this photograph for his dear friend and avid collector, Thomas Donaldson.
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    Abraham Lincoln's Inscription on a Photograph to Lucy Speed, Who Had Gifted Him a Bible

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 1097

    President Abraham Lincoln expresses his gratitude to Mrs. Lucy Speed, the mother of his best friend when he was in his twenties. Mrs. Speed had given the younger melancholy Abraham Lincoln a Bible and instructed him to read it and adopt its precepts; help would follow.
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    A Scarce Signed Photograph of Benjamin Harrison as President

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 1243

    Rare signed photograph of Benjamin Harrison as President.
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    A Rare Signed Photo of Theodore Herzl

    Signed Photograph

    2 pages

    SMC 335

    A rare signed photograph of Theodore Herzl, addressed to Fraulein Fini Ungar of Vienna.
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    Herzl Signed Photo Commemorating His Visit in Jerusalem With Kaiser Wilhelm II

    Signed Photograph

    2 pages

    SMC 332

    Photo of Herzl signed on the verso with a reference to the day he spent in Jerusalem.
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    Roderick Cole's 1858 Beardless Photo of Abraham Lincoln--Signed

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 383

    Abraham Lincoln sat for this photo in Roderick Cole's studio in 1858, and reportedly said to Mr. Cole, "I cannot see why all you artists want a likeness of me unless it is because I am the homeliest man in the State of Illinois."
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    President-Elect Lincoln Grows His Beard: This Second Photograph, Signed, Depicts the Progress

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 384

    At the advice of fellow Republicans, and even an eleven-year-old girl, Abraham Lincoln decided to grow a beard. This photograph depicts the progress of Lincoln's increasingly famous beard.
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    Abraham Lincoln Signed Photo from First Washington Sitting, With John Hay Note of Authentication

    Signed Photograph

    2 pages

    SMC 216

    One day after sneaking into Washington from Baltimore under cover of darkness, Lincoln, exhausted and pensive, sits as president-elect for this photo—his first taken in Washington.
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    Mark Twain 1868 Signed Photo

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 132

    Signed photo of Mark Twain on the occasion of his speaking tour about his excursion to the Holy Land.
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    A Rare Signed Photograph of Captain Alfred Dreyfus

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 785

    Scarce signed photograph of Alfred Dreyfus, from the collection of the actor and Dreyfusard, Constant Coquelin.
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    Signed Photo of Challenger Astronaut Judy Resnik-Second American Woman, and First American Jew, in Space

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 820

    Signed photo of doomed Challenger astronaut Judy Resnik-the second American woman, and the first American Jew, in space
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    Theodore Roosevelt Inscribes Photo of His 1905 Inaugural Address With His Keystone

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 466

    Theodore Roosevelt famously argued for each man not to be treated in accordance with his wealth but for his value as a person--otherwise known as a "square deal." Roosevelt emphasized this in his 1905 inaugural address, of which this is a photo with his inscription of the square deal.
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    Theodor Herzl Signed Photograph, Taken in Basel, Switzerland

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 2316

    Perhaps the most iconic photo of Theodor Herzl, taken on the balcony of the Three Kings Hotel in Basel, Switzerland, in December of 1901. Signed.
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    Signed Photo of Lyndon Johnson Taking the Oath of Office Inscribed to the Photographer

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 2076

    The iconic photograph of Lyndon B. Johnson taking the oath of office hours after President John F. Kennedy was assassinated; inscribed to Cecil Stoughton, the photographer.
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    Broadside

    1 page

    SMC 625

    South Carolina proclaims it has dissolved its bonds to the United States, becoming the first state to secede.
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    A Broadside Advertising

    Broadside

    1 page

    SMC 186

    Broadside advertising Henry Dickson's museum of Palestine. Dickson, having lived in Palestine for five years, offers his spectators not only curiosities from the country, but insight as to the dress and custom of the Arab people. He also retells the story of the fateful night in which his family were "beaten, robbed and murdered."
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    Signed Etching of Max Nordau

    Signed Portrait

    1 page

    SMC 752

    Max Nordau, co-founder of the World Zionist Congress, psychiatrist, and proponent of the Muskeljudentum, or Muscular Judaism, signs this virile likeness with a self-effacing and vernacular “whatever!"
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    Civil War 25-Cent Sutler Token From L. Goldheim of J.E.B Stuart's 1st Virginia Cavalry

    Historical artifacts

    1 page

    SMC 2234

    Lazarus Goldheim 25-cent token: Goldheim, hailing from Baltimore, was the sutler for the 1st Virginia Cavalry, one of the Confederacy's most celebrated fighting units.
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    50 Cent Civil War Sutler Token of Jewish Sutler and Abraham Lincoln Friend, Henry Rice

    Historical artifacts

    1 page

    SMC 2242

    This Civil War Sutler token, at 50 cents, is the largest denomination of sutler currency issued during the war. This token was issued by Henry Rice, a Jewish immigrant from Germany, who would come to endorse Abraham Lincoln as a young lawyer, remain friends with Lincoln throughout his career, and even to offer to make his inaugural suit.
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    A Rare Original Watercolor by John F. Kennedy of the Kennedy Palm Beach Home in 1955

    Signed Drawing

    1 page

    SMC 1452

    Likely one of Kennedy's last watercolors, inscribed and gifted to Dot Tubridy, a close family friend of the Kennedys.
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    Excessively Rare

    Historical artifacts

    1 page

    SMC 864

    Possibly the only surviving sutler token from the trading post at Fort Sill.
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    Alexander Hart's Civil War Sword and Scabbard, Presented Upon His Promotion to Captain

    Historical artifacts

    3 pages

    SMC 255

    Sword and Scabbard of Alexander Hart, a religious Jewish haberdasher who led the 5th Louisiana Infantry.
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    Vice President Theodore Roosevelt, On Hearing that McKinley Has Been Shot, Wires For News

    Autograph Telegram Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1939

    On the back of a railway timetable, Roosevelt writes the wire instructing the head of the facility in which McKinley was taken after being shot to keep Roosevelt appraised of the president's condition. On the other side of the page, a historian wrote Roosevelt's reaction to the news of McKinley's shooting, as well as his reaction to being told McKinley would survive.
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    McKinley is Comforted to Learn That His Gravely-Ill Vice President is Improving - 5 Days Before Hobart Dies

    Autograph Telegram Signed

    1 page

    SMC 916

    This letter, in which President McKinley expresses his relief that Garret Hobart-his vice-president and dear friend-is on the mend, was written a mere five days before Hobart's health took a turn for the worse and he died.
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    President William McKinley Wires Ailing Vice President Garret Hobart

    Autograph Telegram Signed

    1 page

    SMC 917

    Immediately after returning to Washington from visiting the ailing Garret Hobart in New Jersey, McKinley wires him to inquire after his health. Less than three months later, heart disease would finally claim Hobart's life.
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    Lincoln's Second Testimonial for Issachar Zacharie, His Mysterious Jewish Chiropodist - And Personal Spy

    Autograph Testimonial Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1906

    In the midst of a hectic schedule, President Lincoln finds the time to endorse Issachar Zacharie, his Jewish chiropodist and spy: the same week as the bloody Battle of Antietam, and the same day Lincoln read his Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet.
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    A Rare Artifact Associated With 1862 Battlefield Passover Seder: A G.W. Forbes Civil War Sutler's Token

    Historical artifacts

    1 page

    SMC 1529

    Token of the Jewish sutler G.W. Forbes, who brought matzahs for his coreligionists of the Ohio 23rd regiment to celebrate the seder in 1862.
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    Max Nordau's Calling Card Bearing an Autograph Note

    Autograph Note

    1 page

    SMC 744

    Max Nordau expresses his gratitude for "an interesting article.
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    Max Nordau Sends New Years Greetings to Viennese Writer and Translator Paul Tausig

    Autograph Note

    1 page

    SMC 745

    Max Nordau sends New Year's greetings on his own calling card to the Viennese writer and translator Paul Tausig.
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    Notes Written by President John F. Kennedy Aboard Air Force One

    Autograph Note

    7 pages

    SMC 711

    These notes, written by President Kennedy aboard Air Force One illustrate how the most important world events, like our mundane tasks, often begin with the same shorthand scrawlings.
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    Mark Twain's Autograph Notes Regarding People, Places, and Recalling an Incident

    Autograph Note

    6 pages

    SMC 125

    Mark Twain's notes from 1907, in two sections. One, in the manner of a questionnaire, matches names to places (Joe Goodman's, for instance, with "San Francisco, and Alameda") and indicates where Clemens had not been (Los Angeles & Palmyra); the other section mostly concerns an incident, and includes dialogue.
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    Herbert Hoover's Handwritten List of His Autograph Collection

    Autograph Note

    5 pages

    SMC 329

    Herbert Hoover knew the value of his handwritten letters, as he himself was a collector of autographs. Amongst his collection was Mark Twain, Queen Victoria, and, most valuable, according to Hoover, a letter of Bayard Taylor – the poet, travel writer, and great chronicler of Palestine and the Levant.
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    Manuscript from Mark Twain's Missing 1867 Notebook, Announcing His Intention to Travel Abroad

    Autograph Note

    2 pages

    SMC 911

    In this leaf from one of Mark Twain's missing notebooks, the young author writes of his upcoming journey to Europe and the Levant. Twain would chronicle the trip in The Innocents Abroad, a book that which would launch his career as a writer.
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    Autograph Note

    2 pages

    SMC 955

    President John Tyler accepts an engagement on the condition that no presidential duties get in the way. Since he ascended the presidency merely upon the death of President William Henry Harrison, he was referred to by his detractors as "His Accidency." Here Tyler demonstrates his sense of humor and refers to himself as "an accident," explaining that things might occur which would cause him to break the engagement.
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    1858 Senate Report Regarding the

    Typed Manuscript

    30 pages

    SMC 1012

    The 1858 Senate report, which details the murder and rape of the Dickson family in their agricultural colony. The author, Jonathan Steinbeck was a descendent of members of the colony, and the "Outrages at Jaffa" is alluded to in his East of Eden. Herman Melville, inspired by the tragic events, wrote his epic poem Clarel.
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    John F. Kennedy's

    Typed Manuscript

    20 pages

    SMC 1449

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    Quintessential Reagan Speech: He's Sick About RFK's Assassination, About Lawlessness, About Blame

    Typed Manuscript

    19 pages

    SMC 163

    Ronald Reagan, speaking here after weeks of unrest at university campuses, the slaying of policemen, and finally, the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy, takes the current leadership to task for allowing the country to be torn apart.
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    Extraordinary Eyewitness Account of the Assassination of President McKinley-Dated One Day After

    Typed Manuscript Signed

    8 pages

    SMC 183

    De Benneville Randolph Keim, a Washington reporter, was standing right by McKinley when he was assassinated. He took an active role in responding, including carrying the mortally wounded president to an ambulance. This is his account of the assassination.
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    President Taft's Eulogy for his Aide, Archibald Butt, Who Went Down with the Titanic Just Days Before

    Typed Manuscript Signed

    1 page

    SMC 366

    President Taft mourns his aide and friend Archibald Butt, who went down on the Titanic. Butt was a gentleman and a soldier, and, Taft is certain, would have gallantly gone down with the ship, after seeing to the rescue of others. Butt was last seen standing on the sinking deck with John Jacob Astor.
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    Manuscript of Vachel Lindsay's

    Typed Manuscript Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1111

    Manuscript of Vachel Lindsay's "Abraham Lincoln Walks at Midnight" with an early letter from the poet to the Springfield Art Society. Lindsay had conceived of the idea to have a contest in order to design a flag for the city of Springfield. However, he makes it clear in this letter that he wants to have "no hand in the matter."
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    Harry Truman Manuscript on the “Settlement of the Palestine Question”

    Autograph Manuscript Signed

    1 page

    SMC 994

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    Robert Frost Declares Himself a

    Autograph Manuscript Signed

    1 page

    SMC 167

    Robert Frost expresses his identification with, and friendship for, the "brave… little" nation of Israel. He also recommends reading the story of Nehemiah, possibly as a prelude to the modern-day restoration of the Jews to Israel.
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    Mark Twain's Mockup of Title Page and Dedication of

    Autograph Manuscript Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 119

    Mark Twain's handwritten mockup of the title page and dedication of More Tramps Abroad with a note about Innocents Abroad.
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    Abraham Lincoln on Issachar Zacharie, His Mysterious Jewish Foot Doctor and Personal Spy

    Autograph Manuscript Signed

    1 page

    SMC 407

    Here, Lincoln describes Issachar Zacharie's removal of corns from the President's feet in order to alleviate "what plain people call back-ache." The two would meet frequently, though not for medical reasons. Zacharie served as a spie, and provided the President with valuable information about various aspects of the Confederacy.
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    A Leaf from Abraham Lincoln's Earliest Handwritten Manuscript, His Homemade Student

    Autograph Manuscript Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2233

    His education, Lincoln said, was deficient: it lasted, formally, but a year. At 16 years old, Lincoln created a personal notebook, known then as a sum book. Here, amid arithmetical calculations, he also writes a piece of doggerel, daydreaming about his future.
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    Rare, Seemingly Singular Evidence, That John F. Kennedy Knew How to Fly: His 1944 Flight Logbook

    Signed Book

    3 pages

    SMC 2074

    John F. Kennedy's flight logbook of 1944, in which he took ten solo lessons. No existent documentation exists to explain Kennedy's choice; an odd one, as just that year, he discouraged his brother Bobby from flying, and was growing increasingly anxious about the number of fatalities in his older brother Joe's aviation unit. Joe would be shot down later that year in a secret mission over France.
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    A Rare 1879 Reprint of

    Signed Book

    1 page

    SMC 2384

    A rare inscribed reprint of Innocents Abroad inscribed by Twain to his wife, Livy. In the past thirty years, only one other book transcribed by Twain to his wife has appeared. This double-volume edition is premium; bound in morocco and gilt.
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    Lincoln-Douglas Debates Book Inscribed By Abraham Lincoln in Ink to His Old Law Partner Logan: A Rarity

    Signed Book

    1 page

    SMC 638

    The Lincoln-Douglas debates over slavery occasioned, in Lincoln, the most audacious rise from obscurity to political prominence in American history. The printing of the debates ensured the ongoing discussion, as well as ensconced them firmly in the American consciousness of the nineteenth century.
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    One of the Last Things Signed by William McKinley: A Souvenir Booklet from the Pan-American Exposition

    Signed Book

    16 pages

    SMC 233

    President William McKinley was assassinated on the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo; it's very possible this souvenir booklet was the very last thing he signed.
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    Abraham Lincoln's Family Physician, Robert K. Stone, Signed 1842 Book About a Miraculous Cure

    Signed Book

    1 page

    SMC 1113

    The pro-slavery, prestigious ophthalmologist, Dr. Robert K. Stone, served as the Lincoln's family doctor. Here, Stone affixes his signature to a book detailing the miraculous recovery of an ailing woman, cured by taking communion.
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    Lawyer Abraham Lincoln Defends Farmer in Dispute Over Hogs

    Autograph Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1089

    Legal brief from a case in which Abraham Lincoln, in his time known as one of the top lawyers in the country, unsuccessfully defends a farmer in a dispute over a verbal agreement about the price of hogs.
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    An Early Civil War Treatise on Gunshot Wounds By Surgeon General P.J. Horowitz

    Autograph Document Signed

    6 pages

    SMC 1639

    P.J. Horwitz, a Baltimore Jew appointed Surgeon General of the Navy, describes in detail the variety of gunshot wounds, and their treatment, early in the Civil War, as most surgeons had not yet encountered gunshot wounds.
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    Mordecai Manuel Noah and Isaac Leeser Propose Relief for the Poor Jews of Palestine

    Autograph Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 237

    Mordecai Manuel Noah and Isaac Leeser propose relief for the poor Jews of Palestine, albeit through different channels. This typifies their differences of opinion and approach where the restoration of the Jews to the Holy Land was concerned.
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    Abraham Lincoln: A December 8 Oath of Allegiance

    Autograph Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 352

    The Oath of December 8 was announced by Lincoln, on that day, in his annual message to congress in 1863. He would offer a pardon to any man who would swear, without coercion, his allegiance to the Union.
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    Gideon Welles is Summoned to Abraham Lincoln's Last, and Prophetic, Cabinet Meeting

    Autograph Document

    1 page

    SMC 1739

    Secretary of the Navy, Gideon Welles, is summoned to President Lincoln's last cabinet meeting, held hours before Lincoln's assassination.
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    Rare Signed Copy of Lincoln's Jewish Chiropodist and Spy, Dr. Issachar Zacharie's Book

    Signed Book Inscribed

    3 pages

    SMC 676

    Rare signed copy of Dr. Issachar Zacharie's book "Surgical and Practical Observations on the Diseases of the Human Foot." His book, was most likely plagiarized, and his credentials, equally as likely to be false.
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    Franklin D. Roosevelt Thanks His Secretary of War for a

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1370

    President Franklin Delano Roosevelt expresses his gratitude to his Secretary of War, Harry Woodring, for the gift of a volume of the Lincoln-Douglas debates.
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    President Franklin D. Roosevelt Adjudicates an Intergovernmental Turf War

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1372

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had established the National Resources Board as an advisory board to the President regarding "physical, social, governmental, and economic aspects of public policies for the development and use of land, water, and other national resources," now has to step in and prevent a quarrel between the Board and the Army Engineer Corp, who were locked in battle over funding.
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    The Beginning of the Peace Corps: President Kennedy Welcomes the First Volunteers

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1447

    President John F. Kennedy founded the Peace Corps in 1961. This letter from him wishes the Peace Corps volunteer good luck on the upcoming entrance exams.
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    President William McKinley's Appointment of the Antisemitic Selah Merrill as Consul at Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1879

    President William McKinley reinstalls Selah Merrill as consul at Jerusalem. Merrill held the post for about thirty years prior to this, his last appointment, and was widely known to revile the Jews in the Holy Land.
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    Leon Czolgosz's Incredibly Rare Confession to the Assassination of President William McKinley

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1813

    Czolgosz's twice-signed confession to assassinating President McKinley, stemming from anarchist convictions.
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    Pass to President Abraham Lincoln's Funeral in the East Room of the Executive Mansion

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 1116

    Pass to Lincoln's funeral, on Wednesday, April 19, 1865.
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    An Anti-Copperhead Broadside Denouncing Former President Franklin Pierce as a Traitor

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 976

    The Copperheads were northern Democrats who blamed the abolitionists for the Civil War and wished to see Lincoln and the Republicans ousted from power. This broadside is a Republican plea to voters to ponder-and ultimately reject-the traitorous nature of the Copperheads and their ringleader, Franklin Pierce. Shortly after this broadside appeared, Lincoln was victorious in his reelection campaign.
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    Unused Ticket for Ford's Theatre April 14, 1865 - The Night Lincoln Was Assassinated There

    Ephemera

    2 pages

    SMC 214

    Unused Ticket for Ford's Theatre April 14, 1865 - The Night Lincoln Was Assassinated There. Autograph note signed in the hand of famed coin dealer James W. Haseltine, dated July 14, 1865, certifying that this original ticket, for the night Lincoln was assassinated, was presented to him by James R. Ford.
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    Harper's Weekly With Illustrated Story About Five Union Soldiers, Including a Jew, Executed for Desertion

    Ephemera

    3 pages

    SMC 650

    Original Harper's Weekly for September 26, 1863 about the execution of five Union deserters at Beverly Ford; with illustrations.
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    Rare Ticket to

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 710

    Ticket to the Democratic Party's welcome dinner in honor of President Kennedy; it was to be held in Austin in the evening of the day he was shot in Dallas.
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    A

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 837

    Song of Praise written and performed in Hebrew on the occasion of the arrival of the U.S. Consul, General Lew Wallace, to Jerusalem.
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    1898 French Railway Travel Poster Advertising Palestine

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 856

    A scarce travel poster for the French railway, Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée, or PLM, to Palestine, by the noted poster artist Hugo D’Alesi.
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    Rare Travel Poster: Cook's Nile and Palestine Tours

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 861

    This Thomas Cook travel poster advertising the Nile and Palestine tours is a rare 1901-1903 reprint of the original, produced in the 1870s.
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    1862 Nevada Directory Listing Mark Twain as Assistant Secretary of the Nevada Territory

    Ephemera

    2 pages

    SMC 2077

    This rare, early Directory, in which both Clemens and his brother Orion are listed, records for posterity those two months - beginning October 1, 1861 - when "Samuel Clemens" worked as a dollar-a-day clerk for his brother, during the long opening session of the Nevada Territorial Legislature.
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    Abraham Lincoln's Inaugural Ball , 1861: Invitation Printed By, and Naming as a Ball Manager, Adolphus S. Solomons

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 2367

    Rare invitation to Abraham Lincoln's inaugural ball, prominently featuring the name of the Jewish manager and printer of the invitation, Adolphus S. Solomons, twice.
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    Mark Twain Excoriates Theodore Roosevelt as a Butcher, a Ruffian and a Bully

    Autograph Manuscript

    4 pages

    SMC 1706

    In an unpublished article, Mark Twain excoriates Theodore Roosevelt for bullying a fifteen-year-old girl and for promoting a man who, it was well known, was "brutal" to a woman in a waiting room.
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    Rabbi Isaac Leeser's Review of Convert and Early American Zionist Warder Cresson's

    Autograph Manuscript

    4 pages

    SMC 1921

    Rabbi Isaac Leeser reviews the American Zionist Warder Cresson's book The Key of David. Leeser explictly states that he does not "wish to be considered as endorsing all Mr. C. advances." Nor does he regularly read his work. However, he continues, it makes for enjoyable reading to those who are "fond of high-seasoned polemical writings."
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    Abraham Lincoln’s Final Hours, Death, and Autopsy Report Documented by Dr. Robert Stone

    Autograph Manuscript

    7 pages

    SMC 1844

    An account of Lincoln's death, written by his personal physician, Dr. Robert K. Stone. This seven-page narrative details Dr. Stone’s dramatic rush to the stricken president’s side, and, some eight hours later, Lincoln’s final minutes, decline, death, and autopsy. The report is stained with human blood; it is, very likely, Lincoln’s.
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    FDR Assures Fired, and Fired Up, Isolationist Secretary of War: No War Unless Monroe Doctrine is Breached

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1376

    President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, having just fired his Secretary of War, Harry Woodring, responds jovially to the latter's resignation letter. Roosevelt assures Woodring that the United States will maintain a non-interventionist policy with regards to World War II.
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    Hiding Two Deadly Illnesses, Franklin D. Roosevelt Dreams of a World Organization for Peace: The UN

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1383

    In the weeks before succumbing to illnesses, Franklin Delano Roosevelt writes this letter, in which he claims that the necessary solution to warfare is an active participation in a peace organization.
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    Truman, About to Implement the Truman Doctrine in Greece, Calls Greek-American Politicians

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1401

    President Truman, who was about to deploy the Truman Doctrine in Greece in order to fight the first proxy Cold War against a communist takeover of that country, expresses reservations about appointing a Greek-American to oversee the distribution of funds to anti-communist factions in Greece.
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    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 2356

    Newspaper from the morning after Kennedy's Assassination. Kennedy had signed the same newspaper on the very day of his assassination.
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    A Last Thing Signed: John F. Kennedy Autographs a Dallas Newspaper on the Morning of His Murder There

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 2168

    An edition of The Dallas Morning News signed by President John F. Kennedy on the morning of his assassination. Kennedy was shot at 12:30, making it very likely that this was the last thing he ever signed.
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    1856 Poll Book Certifying Abraham Jonas, Lincoln's Intimate Jewish Friend, an Elector

    Ephemera

    3 pages

    SMC 2176

    Abraham Lincoln appears alongside one of his best friends, a British born Jew named Abraham Jonas, in an 1856 poll book.
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    Lincoln Card:

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1602

    A Lincoln card, submitted to his Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton on April 20, 1863. This was a busy day for Lincoln, as he was dealing with admitting West Virginia into the Union, fighting in many southern states, and a large force patrolling central Tennessee. This is a small portion of what Lincoln had on his desk that day, and any number of these issues could have concerned Stanton.
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    Mark Twain Directs His Publisher to Set Two Lines of Text in Facsimile, Not Typeface

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1617

    A brief note regarding composition from Mark Twain, directing either Elisha or Frank Bliss to set something up in facsimile rather than type.
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    President John F. Kennedy

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 901

    John F. Kennedy signs a quote to the photographer, who had recently captured him "on the edge of the new frontier."
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    Lincoln, Four Days After Son Willie's Death, Tells Sumner Mary Lincoln Needs His Help -

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1034

    Four days after the death of his eleven year-old son Willie - and as his youngest son still lay seriously ill - a grieving Lincoln asks Mary Lincoln's close friend, Senator Charles Sumner, to call on his inconsolable wife.
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    Lincoln Interjects Himself Into a Case of Two Jewish Merchants Charged With Selling Goods to Blockaders

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1038

    Meyer and Philip Wallach were Jewish brothers who were charged with selling goods to blockaders and were held at an infamous prison for Confederate officers. Here, President Lincoln protects them by ordering the head of the prison to keep them in his custody - to neither send them away or allow them to be transferred.
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    Physician of Assassinated President William McKinley Quotes McKinley's Last Words

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1182

    Matthew D. Mann, the physician who tended to President William McKinley on his deathbed, confirms McKinley's fabled last words.
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    As Lee Surrenders, Abraham Lincoln Happily Grants a Favor to the Captain of the Riverboat Queen

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 123

    The only surviving Lincoln letter from April 9th, 1865, the day that Lee surrendered the Confederate Army of North Virginia to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant at the home of Wilmer and Virginia McLean in the town of Appomattox Court House, Virginia. Written aboard the "River Queen" on the Potomac, President Lincoln grants a favor to the steamboat's Captain Bradford.
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    Three Days Before He is Assassinated, Abraham Lincoln Orders the Discharge of a Sickly Boy from the Army

    Autograph Note Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 211

    Three days before he will be shot and killed, Lincoln responds to a friend’s letter beseeching his help in arranging the discharge of a sickly boy from the army.
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    Abraham Lincoln

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 212

    On his last birthday, Abraham Lincoln pardons mischievous schoolboys, allowing them to return to school on condition that they do not misbehave.
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    Abraham Lincoln Endorses the Appointment of a Jewish Sutler, Henry Rice

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 193

    Abraham Lincoln endorses General Alexander McClernand's pick for the position of sutler (a civilian merchant who sells goods to the army), Henry Rice.
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    A Historic Memo: Harry Truman Salutes Dean Acheson's Crucial Role in Going to War With Korea

    Autograph Note Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 685

    President Harry Truman commends Dean Acheson as Secretary of State for superbly handling events leading up to the Korean War.
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    Two Days After Unleashing a Tempest by Firing MacArthur, President Truman Writes to a Journalist

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 699

    President Truman writes to Merriman Smith, perhaps in response to something Smith had said to the President, a prediction, seemingly, about the great news of the day – Truman’s firing of MacArthur two days before – that inspired this note, with which Truman apparently forwarded “an interesting piece” he had run across in his hometown paper.
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    General Eisenhower Approves a Soldier's Request to Shoot Captured Reich Marshal Goering -

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 702

    Eisenhower had ordered every soldier not on the front to tour a concentration camp in order to understand not only the magnitude of the Holocaust, but the enemy itself. As a result, one soldier put in a request to shoot Hermann Goering, if he was indeed to be shot. Goering was sentenced to death by hanging, but took his own life in his cell. Here, Eisenhower refers to the corpulent Goering as "that fat ___"
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    Emile Zola Writes to Alfred Dreyfus at the Height of the Dreyfus Affair

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 509

    Emile Zola's calling card, asking Alfred Dreyfus to send him a document which he has asked Zola to sign.
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    Alfred Dreyfus Writes to Emile Zola's Widow to Commemorate the Anniversary of the Publication of

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 510

    Eight years after Emile Zola has died, Alfred Dreyfus continues to expresses his gratitude to Alexandrine Zola, Emile Zola's widow, on the twelfth anniversary of the publication of "J'Accuse."
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    Alfred Dreyfus Thanks Senator Leopold Thezard Who Challenged the Refusal to Allow His Wife to Join Him in Exile

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 512

    Alfred Dreyfus thanks French Senator, Leopold Thezard, who was also a professor of law at Poitiers University, for his support. Thezard argued against the illegality of the French government to deny Lucie Dreyfus the right to join her husband in exile.
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    The Day He Dies, Lincoln Writes a Pass to Richmond for Wife of the Doctor Who Would Attend His Death-Bed

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 575

    Lincoln issues a pass for Mrs. Alice Stone to travel to Richmond; by that night her husband, the Lincoln family physician, would be attending at Lincoln’s deathbed.
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    Lincoln Would be Glad to See General Milroy but knows

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 570

    Abraham Lincoln gracefully sidesteps a meeting with the problematic General Milroy, who was arrested for losing half of his troops. Milroy railed against his superiors, who jailed him for his actions, and continuously pestered Lincoln for his release and restoration to command.
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    What's in a Name: Samuel Clemens Defines Mark Twain

    Autograph Note Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 2117

    Samuel Clemens explains his nom de plume as originating as a navigational term along the Mississippi. "Mark Twain" signified a depth sounding of two fathoms, and was called out by the leadsman; it was a term Twain, having served as a riverboat captain, would have heard daily.
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    Lincoln Requests a

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2038

    Lincoln, who always liked to give his son Tad special gifts, asks here for two maps for his son.
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    Thomas Edison Inscribed Photo:

    Signed Photograph Inscribed

    1 page

    SMC 1771

    Inscribed photo by Thomas Edison, identifying himself as the inventor of the light bulb.
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    Signature of James Calhoun, Custer's Brother-in-Law, Killed With Him at the Battle of Little Bighorn

    Signature

    2 pages

    SMC 1157

    Rare signature of Lieutenant James Calhoun, Custer's brother-in-law, who died with him at Little Bighorn on what would come to be known as Calhoun Hill.
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    Signature of Young Officer, J.J. Crittenden, Killed With Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn

    Signature

    1 page

    SMC 671

    Signature of John Jordan Crittenden III, whose father, Thomas Leonidas Crittenden was a Lieutenant Colonel who secured for his son an army commission after the latter failed out of West Point. The frail, one-eyed Lieutenant met his end at Little Bighorn with General Custer.
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    Signature of Second Lieutenant Henry Moore Harrington, Killed With General Custer at Little Bighorn

    Signature

    2 pages

    SMC 674

    Signature of Second Lieutenant Henry Moore Harrington, who was killed with Custer at Little Bighorn. His was one of three bodies to not have been identified.
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    Chaim Weizmann and Albert Einstein Sign a Hebrew University Postcard

    Signature

    1 page

    SMC 155

    Rare Hebrew University postcard signed by Chaim Weizmann and Albert Einstein, who, as much as anyone, made the dream of a Hebrew University in Jerusalem a reality.
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    Theodor Herzl Sends Postcard From Jerusalem to Menachem Ussishkin Ahead of Meeting With Kaiser Wilhelm

    Card Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 207

    In 1898, Theodor Herzl came to Jerusalem to ask Kaiser Wilhelm to appeal to the Turks for the creation of a Jewish state under a German protectorate. He sent Menachem Ussishkin a postcard from the Holy City.
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    A Calling Card Signed as Samuel L. Clemens and Mark Twain

    Card Signed

    1 page

    SMC 503

    Samuel Clemens's calling card, signed on the back as Mark Twain and Samuel Clemens.
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    John Quincy Adams Signs a Card Depicting William Henry Harrison's (Alleged) Log Cabin Birthplace

    Card Signed

    1 page

    SMC 498

    Here, ex-President and incumbent Congressman John Quincy Adams has indited his signature on a calling card-size piece of William Henry Harrison campaign memorabilia: an embossed card with an elaborate vignette of Harrison’s log cabin birthplace.
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    A Secret Service Agent's Account of the Reagan Assassination Attempt, Signed by Reagan

    Autograph Sentiment Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 257

    Jerry Parr, who is credited with saving Ronald Reagan's life, gives his account of the assassination attempt. Everything that happened in the three seconds between the first pop of gunfire to the door of the presidential limo slamming shut, is broken down into slow-motion, from the moment Reagan leaves for his luncheon at the Washington Hilton, to his remarks prior to entering surgery.
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    A Handsome Autograph Sentiment from Millard Fillmore as President

    Autograph Sentiment Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1068

    Autograph from Millard Fillmore to an unknown recipient, Washington, February 20, 1851. The day after he delivered to Congress his report on the Fugitive Slave Law crisis.
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    Herbert Hoover Describes Himself

    Autograph Sentiment Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1657

    In this autographed sentiment signed, Herbert Hoover describes himself as "once of Washington D.C., now, fortunately elsewhere."
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    Abraham Lincoln Exercises Clemency:

    Autograph Endorsement Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1811

    Abraham Lincoln directs the release of "this boy" who had enlisted in the Union Army and received the standard bonus. Whether the boy was underage, AWOL, or a bounty-jumper(one of many who signed up for the enlistment bonus and then deserted) is unknown.
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    Millard Fillmore Asks Lincoln for a Favor; On the Back of the Letter, Lincoln Takes Steps to Oblige Him

    Autograph Endorsement Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1065

    Former President Fillmore asks President Lincoln to intercede on behalf of his nephew, a disgraced lieutenant. On the verso of the letter, Lincoln takes steps to oblige Fillmore, but ultimately did not intervene in the case.
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    Abraham Lincoln Queries the Surgeon General of the Army About an Appointment

    Autograph Endorsement Signed

    1 page

    SMC 209

    Lincoln asks William Alexander Hammond, the Surgeon General of the Union Army if a Mr. Bushnell should be appointed. Hammond replies in the affirmative, as there is a place for Bushnell at Louisville.
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    Jewish Civil War Union Surgeon Morris Asch Rules on Another Surgeon's Exorbitant Bill

    Autograph Endorsement Signed

    6 pages

    SMC 157

    A Dr. McCoy, accused by the Surgeon General of charging exorbitantly for emergency services rendered, has had his bill cut in half. Asch rejects McCoy's appeal, and upholds the decision to reduce the bill.
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    Franklin Pierce Describes Nathaniel Hawthorne's Last Night Alive on Their Trip to New England

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 583

    Former President Pierce tells the story of his friend, the author Nathaniel Hawthorne's demise, detailing their last trip and the epic moment of Pierce’s discovery of his death.
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    Theodore Roosevelt, Readying for His Inauguration, Complains of Bad Tailoring

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 584

    In this marvelous letter, Theodore Roosevelt, about to be inaugurated for the second time, takes a haberdasher to task for some shoddy tailoring.
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    David Ben-Gurion on God’s Promises to His People: Strength and Peace – One Given, the Other, Coming

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 664

    Two years before the Yom Kippur War, and quoting from Psalms, David Ben Gurion tells a correspondent that there is definitely trouble brewing with Egypt, yet God promises his people two things: strength and peace. The former is obtained, and the latter, Ben-Gurion has faith, is coming.
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    John Quincy Adams Writes About John Adams

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 939

    In response to a pastor's request for an autograph of John Quincy Adams alongside that of his father, John Adams, John Quincy readily obliges with his own autograph, but explains that towards the end of his father's life, "his eyes and hands had almost ceased to serve him and he dictated even his signatures."
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    Andrew Jackson Predicts Martin van Buren Will Win with a Greater Majority Than Any Since Washington

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 944

    Andrew Jackson incorrectly predicts that his Vice President and chosen successor Martin van Buren would win the upcoming election by a landslide. Van Buren emerged victorious, but it was a close race.
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    Martin van Buren, Just Two Days Into James K. Polk's Term, Prepares to Write His Political Antagonist

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 948

    Feeling betrayed, Martin van Buren prepares to protest political appointments made by James K. Polk just days after the latter assumed the presidency.
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    Rare Letter of John Tyler as Vice President Recommending a Consul to Galveston, Texas

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 952

    Under Tyler's Presidency, Texas was acquired as the twenty eighth state. In this letter, written as Vice President, Tyler recommends someone to consul, as Texas was, at the time, a foreign country.
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    President John Tyler Says the Presidency is a Prison

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 954

    President John Tyler, writing to his wife amidst a "political storm," tells her that the Presidency is a prison, from which he can only escape for minutes.
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    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 586

    Here, just six days after Abraham Lincoln won the presidency with a scant 40% of the vote, Former President John Tyler laments the election.
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    George Washington Argues for a

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 587

    Though passionate about the construction of a canal in the Potomac, George Washington confesses to having little more than a layman's knowledge of the technical aspects of the project, and urges the company to retain a professional canal engineer.
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    Harry Truman,

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 591

    Truman is frustrated yet optimistic in this letter. On one hand, neither Kennedy nor Nixon were, in his opinion, desirable candidates. On the other hand, Truman concedes, this is probably how the "oldsters" felt in 1828, 1840, 1852, and 1860, when those elections changed the course of American politics. Ultimately, he posits America came out "on top" in these other elections and will in this one as well.
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    Former President Tyler Tells His Son He is Hard Pressed to Support His Family

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 592

    Responding to his son's request for a loan, former President Tyler tells his son that between medical bills, providing for his own growing family and supporting his own brother, he doesn't have much to give, but is prepared to help, should his son not be able to secure a loan from a friend.
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    General Edmund Allenby Commemorates His Victorious Entrance Into Jerusalem One Year Later

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 595

    General Edmund Allenby, in celebrating the Allied victory of World War I, humbly commemorates the year anniversary of his conquering of Jerusalem.
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    Alfred Dreyfus Reviews Case Against Him, Proclaims His Innocence, and Demands Another Trial

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 617

    Alfred Dreyfus respectfully demands a retrial for his trumped-up treason charge from the French prime minister, and vows to prove his innocence till his dying day.
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    Josephine Earp, Wyatt Earp’s Jewish Widow, Admits Her Destitution to Earp’s Biographer

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 618

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    Franklin Pierce on the Kansas-Nebraska Bill and the Prelude to Civil War

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 961

    President Pierce fears that if the Kansas-Nebraska Bill-which granted the States the right to decide on slavery-would not pass, Civil War would ensue.
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    Pierce on His Favorite Portrait of Himself, That of His Dead Son, and Those of the First Five Presidents

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 962

    Franklin Pierce writes to Francis Bicknell Carpenter, a renowned painter who would go on to achieve even greater fame with his paintings of Lincoln, especially of Lincoln reading the Emancipation Proclamation. Here, Pierce expresses the great satisfaction he and Mrs. Pierce take in Carpenter’s portrait of his dead son – painted from a daguerreotype following the boy's tragic death in 1853.
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    David Roberts Sends Sketches of Holy Land to Archaeologist to Refute Famous Argument About Temple Mount

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 645

    Ahead of a meeting of the Royal Institute of British architects in London, David Roberts sends his sketches to the archaeologist J.J. Scoles, with whom he would collaborate to debunk James Fergusson’s thesis that the Dome of the Rock was the original Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
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    Grover Cleveland, the Only President to Be Married in the White House, Writes His Bride About Wedding

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1164

    Love letter from President Grover Cleveland to his secret fiance, Frances Folsom, outlining every detail of their upcoming nuptials in the White House.
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    Grover Cleveland, First President to Marry in the White House, Handwrites an Invitation to His Wedding

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1165

    President Grover Cleveland invites his Postmaster to his wedding the following Wednesday, with a hand-written invitation.
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    A Contemporary Account of the William McKinley Assassination by a 15 Year-Old Girl

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1183

    Edna M. Hurry, a fifteen-year-old bookkeeper, goes into striking detail in her eyewitness account of President William McKinley's assassination.
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    President Rutherford B. Hayes Salutes Service of U.S. Commissioner of Education John Eaton

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1198

    Hayes salutes the service of his Civil War comrade-in-arms in "the old 23rd," Brigadier General John Eaton Jr., as the United States Commissioner of Education.
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    Former President Rutherford Hayes Expresses Satisfaction with Himself, His Successor, and John Sherman

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1213

    Two days after leaving office, Rutherford B. Hayes writes to John Sherman, his Secretary of the Treasury, to thank him for his help. Hayes also adds that he's happy with his successor, and that he read Sherman's farewell speech to the Treasury, which did much to dispel the notion that Sherman was "too cold in temperament."
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    An Eerie Prescience: James Garfield Finds a

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1216

    President James Garfield, who would be assassinated, or mortally wounded nearly a year to the day he wrote this letter, eerily finds a "streak of sadness" in his nomination for the Presidency. Garfield was shot less than four months into his term; he lingered for seventy-nine days before finally succumbing to his wounds.
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    President Benjamin Harrison Discusses a Letter Written by his Grandfather, William Henry Harrison

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1235

    President Benjamin Harrison thanks Curtis Guild, Sr., a collector, for sending him a copy of a letter written by his grandfather, William Henry Harrison. The President is pleased to have obtained a letter of "great family interest."
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    Young Benjamin Harrison Writes President Lincoln About

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1236

    Young Benjamin Harrison, who had made stump speeches for President Lincoln's campaign calls in a favor just two days into Lincoln's administration: he endorses Senatorial Elector and Lincoln canvasser Will Cumback as worthy of "a mark of Administrative favor." Lincoln appoints Cumback paymaster.
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    Rutherford B. Hayes Discusses, At Length, the Disputed Election of 1876

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1204

    The election of Rutherford B. Hayes hung, precariously, on disputed returns from four states -- chief among them, Louisiana. Here, long after the fact, Hayes reviews with one of his chief lieutenants, John Sherman, what happened there, and why.
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    President Rutherford B. Hayes Gives Recipe for Allegedly

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1206

    President Rutherford B. Hayes claims that the Roman punch served in his White House contains no alcohol.
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    President Benjamin Harrison is

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1238

    President Benjamin Harrison writes to his aunt, and tells her that with not a soul in the White House but himself, it is "very lonesome."
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    Former President Benjamin Harrison Explains That Former Presidents Should Be Seen and Not Heard

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1244

    Appalled by William McKinley's imperialism, Benjamin Harrison declines to endorse and speak on his behalf, insisting that former presidents should be "seen and not heard."
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    Theodore Roosevelt: a Condolence Letter on the Death of a Friend's Father

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1250

    Roosevelt writes to his friend and family physician Dr. Alexander Lambert, whose father had recently passed away.
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    Theodore Roosevelt Pens Congratulatory Letter on White House Card: Lauds Utica Public Library

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1251

    President Theodore Roosevelt salutes Utica philanthropist Frederick T. Proctor and the Public Library he supported, on the excellent work it is doing, and wishes it good luck.
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    Edith Roosevelt on Her Husband's Recovery from an Assassination Attempt and the Bullet Left Inside Him

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1254

    Edith Roosevelt writes to a friend who had asked the Roosevelts for medical as well as financial guidance. Mrs. Roosevelt answers that the medical advice should be left to their family physician; Theodore will dispense with the financial advice after the medical issue is resolved. She mentions in passing that the surgeon has deemed it safer to leave the bullet in Theodore's chest, which makes her anxious.
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    Taft Declares That Denying Roosevelt the Presidency Again is Victory Enough

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1298

    After being betrayed by his mentor, Theodore Roosevelt, who tried to secure the Republican nomination for himself, Taft, having recently won the nomination, lets schadenfreude wash over him as Roosevelt is defeated.
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    Vice President Calvin Coolidge: His New Job is of Little Responsibility But He's Kept Busy All the Same

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1339

    Vice President Calvin Coolidge tells the Archbishop of Boston that though his job carries little responsibility, the demands on his time are enormous.
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    Scarce President Calvin Coolidge Autographed Letter Signed as President

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1342

    A scarce autograph letter from Coolidge's presidency, thanking a retiring Republican congressman for his service, and wishing him well.
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    Rare Herbert Hoover Letter as President:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1347

    One of six or seven autographed handwritten letters by Herbert Hoover as President. Here, he is conscious of the rarity of his letters, and playfully writes this one, his quota for the year, he jokes.
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    President Franklin D. Roosevelt Fires His Isolationist Secretary of War During WWII

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1373

    After forgiving his old and dear friend many missteps, Franklin Roosevelt finally fires Harry Woodring as Secretary of War.
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    He's

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1406

    Truman initially regarded Kennedy as as young, inexperienced, and up for office because his father bought him the vote. Here, Truman supports Kennedy's handling of the Berlin crisis, which saw the city divided between the Soviet Union and the Western Allies. Rather than seeing Kennedy's actions as weak, he praised the President's leadership in buying time with the Soviets in order to retain control of half the city.
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    Reagan Promises To Work for Foe Nixon in '68 :

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1473

    Ronald Reagan, who lost the Republican nomination to Nixon, promises to "beat his brains out" in supporting his former foe; the Republican party doesn't have "too many more chances."
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    Ronald Reagan Describes Himself as a

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1474

    Ronald Reagan contends that America cannot survive another four years of Lyndon B. Johnson's administration's "aimlessness." He therefore calls himself a "crier of doom," as he vows to help enact political change.
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    Reagan Stirringly Defends His Decision Not to Stop a Cop-Killer's Execution

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1475

    Governor Reagan responds to a man who sharply condemns his unwillingness to prevent the execution of a man convicted for killing a policeman. Despite the combative nature of the man's letter (also transcribed here), Reagan willingly engages the man in discussing the function and protocol of the judicial system in the context of capital punishment.
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    Ronald Reagan Writes About Vietnam in 1968: A Change of Policy is Needed

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1476

    Ronald Reagan's draft of a letter to a Vietnam serviceman expressing his gratitude for his and other soldiers' service. Reagan calls for both a policy and leadership change, alluding to Johnson's handling of the war.
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    Reagan, Arguing for Capital Punishment, Discusses the Rabbinic Interpretation of the Sixth Commandment

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1477

    Reagan corrects protestors of the death penalty who quote the Bible saying "Thou Shalt Not Kill," referring to capital punishment. According to the original Hebrew, Regan argues, the Bible commands one not to murder - the convicted was, himself, charged with murdering a police officer in the first degree. The Bible also calls for reciprocal justice, ie, "an eye for an eye."
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    Ronald Reagan Declares that JFK Was Much More

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1478

    Ronald Reagan admits that he doesn't know exactly what President Kennedy would have done with regards to the Vietnam War, though he is certain that JFK was more "intelligent and perceptive" than Johnson, whom he doesn't name directly.
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    Christa McAuliffe, a Teacher, Writes About Her Excitement Going Into Space on the Ill-Fated Challenger

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1508

    Christa McAuliffe was the first civilian selected to join astronauts on a space mission. A school teacher, she was planning to give lessons from the spacecraft, to be broadcast live; she would show her students how astronauts ate, slept, and lived on the space shuttle. This letter, written five months before the tragic live broadcast explosion of the Challenger, reflects McAuliffe's enthusiasm for her mission.
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    Dick Scobee, Commander of the Ill-Fated Challenger, Hopes to Be Selected as a Space Shuttle Astronaut

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1510

    Dick Scobee writes that he hopes to be selected as a space shuttle astronaut. He eventually would become the commander of the ill-fated Challenger.
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    Benjamin Harrison Names Solomon Hirsch Minister to Turkey, the Third Jew to Hold That Diplomatic Rank

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1531

    Solomon Hirsch tops President Benjamin Harrison's list of diplomatic appointees. Harrison was indebted to the German-born Hirsch, who carried his home-state of Oregon as Republican.
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    Abraham Lincoln:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1552

    Though Lincoln had almost no experience in government, his new Republican party swept to victory in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana in the Congressional elections of October 9th, and it looked, almost for a certainty, Lincoln writes here, "as if the Government is about to fall into our hands."
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    Abraham Lincoln's Scarce Reference to Deaths of Mother and Sister, With Accompanying Poem About Memory

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1553

    In all of Abraham Lincoln's surviving letters, he only mentions the death of his mother twice, and the loss of his sister once; both are mentioned here. Lincoln also includes a poem he wrote on the occasion of returning to his home state twenty years after he departed it.
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    Lincoln is

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1554

    After just having heard that the union lost 1776 men in the Battle of the Wilderness, amongst other bad news, Lincoln was asked to give a sentiment for an autograph collector, Lincoln replied "I would give a sentiment, but just now I am not in a sentimental mood."
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    William T. Sherman Recalls His Trip to the Levant, and Teases His Lady Friend About Harem Life

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1587

    William T. Sherman writes to Mary Audenried, teasingly warning her that travelling in the Middle East is especially hazardous to women, and that she could find herself in a harem. Sherman insists that western women are treated more as equals than women in the Levant.
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    President William Howard Taft Praises President Grover Cleveland To Mrs. Cleveland

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1615

    Replying to Mrs. Cleveland's letter thanking him for his stirring eulogies of her husband, President William Howard Taft reiterates his genuine respect for President Grover Cleveland as a man of courage and public duty.
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    Grover Cleveland Complains of an Avalanche of Unwelcome Invitations, As He Plans a Pleasure Trip Out of Town

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1622

    Grover Cleveland expresses his exasperation for the niceties and public appearances necessitated by being the President of the United States, and says he's as "cross as a bear."
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    Benjamin Cardozo Expresses His

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1648

    Justice Benjamin Cardozo thanks Emanuel Hertz for his pamphlets on Lincoln, "which are sure to interest" him.
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    William McKinley Invites Old Friend to Go with Him to His Gubernatorial Inauguration:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1666

    William McKinley urges his friend John Taylor and his wife to join him and his wife to travel together to McKinley's induction ceremony as Governor of Ohio. He would later call upon the same friends to accompany him to his inauguration as president.
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    Olivia Clemens Quotes “Mr. Clemens” - Mark Twain - About a Phrase in “Following the Equator”

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1670

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    Mark Twain on Ralph Waldo Emerson: His Grammar is Like Gravel in Bread

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1673

    Mark Twain gently Emerson's prose as being like "gravel in the bread," while at the same time complimenting Laura Wright Benjamin on her husband, William Wright, whose nom de plume was Dan de Quille.
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    James Buchanan Teasingly Laments His

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1676

    James Buchanan, a confirmed bachelor, teasingly laments his "usual hard fate when ladies are the question" – having missed a social call – and comments on a pending marriage.
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    Mark Twain on His Book

    Autograph Letter Signed

    8 pages

    SMC 1684

    A long and flirtatious letter from the young bachelor Mark Twain to Emma Beach, primarily about their recently shared “Quaker City” excursion to Europe and the Holy Land. He discusses, amongst other things, a lecture he's been up all night writing, and how the photos taken of him in Egypt are a terrible likeness.
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    Mark Twain's Last Day in New York Before Leaving on the

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1686

    A letter written in the wee hours of the morning after an evening and night spent drinking. Twelve hours later, Twain would be aboard "The Quaker City."
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    Mark Twain Promotes his

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1687

    Dan Slote, Mark Twain's roommate on the "Quaker City" voyage, has sold about 200 copies of The Innocents Abroad to his friends, and given away about a dozen more. He is very well-connected, and can sell more copies. Twain asks his publisher to supply Slote with about 50 more copies of the book at a 40% discount, to be paid after he's sold the books.
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    Mark Twain Lists His Favorite Books For Children - And Himself

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1688

    Twain is asked by a correspondent for recommended reading. Here he lists his favorite books.
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    Mark Twain Says He Cannot Deliver a

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1693

    Mark Twain explains he cannot deliver a "light & nonsensical speech" while fatally wounded President Garfield is dying. Signed as Samuel Clemens.
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    Mark Twain Discovers His Newfound Celebrity Status Upon his Return from His

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1681

    Mark Twain only realizes that his correspondence from his travels have made him something of a celebrity writer upon his return.
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    Mark Twain on the French: No Humor, No Depth, No Compass, No Balance, No...

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1695

    Mark Twain deflects the responsibility for offending a Madame Blanc, and blames her French lack of humor.
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    Mark Twain Can't Remember Recent Things But Vividly Recalls His Hannibal Courier Co-Workers

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1699

    Mark Twain declares that "recent names & things take no hold" on his "bald-headed memory; they slip-up & slide off" so he isn't sure about a Mrs. Brackett - but to the mention of names and things from thirty-five years ago, his memory is alert.
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    Abraham Lincoln Declares He is Not a

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1701

    Abraham Lincoln consents to having a law book dedicated to him, but begs "only that the inscription may be in modest terms, not representing me as a man of great learning, or a very extraordinary one in any respect."
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    Mark Twain on the San Francisco Earthquake and a Picture He Cannot Get Out of His Mind

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1708

    Though himself a writer, Mark Twain says that the picture of the San Francisco earthquake entitled "The Spirit of Humanity," expresses the tragedy of the earthquake in a way that words cannot.
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    President-Elect Garfield Turns Down a Loan to Tide Him Over Until Assuming the Presidency

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1710

    President-elect Garfield graciously turns down Edwards Pierrepont's offer of a loan to tide Garfield over until he resumed the presidency and would earn $50,000 annually.
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    David Rice Atchison Denies Ever “For a Moment” Acting as President of the United States

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1738

    This letter, written by David Rice Atchison, debunks the long-held erroneous idea that he acted as President of the United States for the 31 hours between the end of Polk's term and the beginning of Taylor's.
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    President John F. Kennedy Recalls Happy Palm Beach Memories With an Old Irish Friend

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1740

    President John F. Kennedy writes to eight-year-old Aine Tubridy to thank her for her picture of a painting he made of the Kennedy compound at Palm Beach, Florida.
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    John Wild Bets the Black Hills Gold Rush - Set Off by Custer's Discovery of Gold There in 1864 - is a Bust

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1752

    John Wild is willing to bet that those flocking to find fortune in the Black Hills "will be disappointed by going there."
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    Grant Finds Egypt More Interesting Than Any Other Place He Has Visited

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1759

    Grant marvels at Egypt's antiquity, at "ruins that have been standing - as ruins - some of them, for many ages before the beginning of the Christian era." This causes Grant to find Egypt more interesting than any other place he has visited.
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    Millard Fillmore on Civil War: Abolitionists Pervert Cause and Lincoln Tempts Tyranny

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 1767

    Millard Fillmore accuses abolitionists of "destroying the Constitution" and attempting to "prevent a reunion of the states," in addition to "perverting this war into a war for emancipation."
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    First Lady Edith Roosevelt, Two Weeks After McKinley's Death:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1778

    Two weeks after President McKinley's death and Theodore Roosevelt's assumption of the presidency, First Lady Edith Roosevelt thanks a friend in Boston for her warm wishes, and confides in her that "Life does not seem very simple just now."
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    Albert Einstein Renounces German Citizenship;

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1792

    Albert Einstein writes to his son from aboard the Belgenland, where he has learned that Hitler had given orders to ransack not only his Berlin apartment, but also his summer cottage. He decides whilst onboard to renounce his German citizenship, and tells his son that he will likely never return to Germany again.
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    The Ultimate Presidential Rarity: An Autographed Letter of the Sick, Soon to Die, William Henry Harrison

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1558

    One of three autographed letters in existence by President William Henry Harrison. The bedridden president confesses that he is "so much harassed by the multitude that call upon me that I can give no proper attention to any business of my own."
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    Richard Nixon, Loathed by Harry Truman, Speaks Well of Him

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1462

    Though Harry Truman called Richard Nixon a lying bastard, Nixon writes to Truman's nephew (and namesake) and tells him their differences were not personal, and that he should be proud of his heritage.
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    Young Mark Twain, in Maui, Sets Out to

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1575

    Young Mark Twain, during his four month stint in Hawaii, makes plans to see Haleakala, a volcano on Maui.
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    Abraham Lincoln's Celebrated

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1544

    President Lincoln asks Major Ramsey on behalf of a widowed woman to find work for her two sons. "Wanting to work is so rare a merit, that it should be encouraged," Lincoln continued, echoing his own famous work ethic.
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    Fresh From His Capture of Vicksburg, Ulysses S. Grant Reports From Gettysburg:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1545

    General Ulysses S. Grant assures Major General Banks-whose army lay in siege around the Mississippi-with two pieces of news. The first is that he is sending reinforcements. The second is that Major General George Meade defeated General Lee, and was pursuing him.
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    Lincoln Asks General Grant as a Friend, for a Favor: Find a Place for His Son, Robert, on His Staff

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1548

    In order to broker a compromise between his wife, who had already buried two sons, and Robert Todd, who desperately wished to experience the war, Lincoln writes to Grant, not as President, but as a friend, asking him to find a place on his staff for Robert to serve. Lincoln asks merely for his son to be given a nominal rank and that Lincoln himself, and not the public, would furnish his necessary means.
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    Incredibly Rare Czolgosz Letter – 5 Weeks Before He Assassinated McKinley – as

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1817

    A rare and disjointed letter from Leon Czolgosz, ominously written in red ink, approximately five weeks before he would assassinate President William McKinley, signed as his alias, Fred C. Nieman.
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    While

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1822

    General Custer writes to his old classmates from Hopedale Normal College - which he attended before West Point - to tell them of the potential of a serious fortune made from their collaboration in mining in the Bighorn country.
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    Ulysses S. Grant Comments on the Refugees Who Have Fled to Constantinople

    Autograph Letter Signed

    6 pages

    SMC 1849

    In Istanbul, Grant was struck by scenes of the refugees – many of them, Bulgarian Jews – who had fled the notoriously anti-Semitic Russian invaders during the just-concluded Russo-Turkish War. Grant also discusses the gift of an Arabian horse from the sultan and the logistics involved in shipping it back to the United States.
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    Titanic Postcard: Rare Postcard From the Titanic - Sent at Beginning of Voyage; Ship

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1893

    Charlie Shorney writes to his father from the Titanic, telling him that the sea is calm, the ship is a "peach," and that he will be in New York next week. Charlie went down with the ship, and his body was never recovered.
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    Camille Pissarro Protests Alfred Dreyfus's Conviction

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1895

    Just five days after Zola published “J’accuse!” in the French newspaper L’Aurore, Pissarro writes to say that he wishes his name added to “the protestation against the awful judgment of the court-martial” to be published, apparently, in that crusading paper.
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    President James Garfield's Assassin, Charles Guiteau, Convicted and in Jail, Declares He is Not a Lunatic

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1907

    Here the disagreeable, disputatious, and insane assassin of President Garfield, Charles Guiteau, declares he is not a lunatic, and that the woman, his sister who raised him, and the brother-in-law who acted as his lawyer at his trial, are nuisances, with whom he, a convicted assassin awaiting execution in jail, wants nothing to do.
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    Millard Fillmore in Defeat:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1914

    Millard Fillmore loses the nomination but his party maintains the Compromise measures done in his term, which he considers a greater personal victory than the presidency.
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    William Henry Harrison's Secretary Announces Harrison's Impending Death

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1928

    President William Henry Harrison's secretary, Henry Harrison, writes to his father, Benjamin Harrison, to inform him of the impending death of the President.
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    General Benjamin Butler: The Jews

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2182

    General Butler, discussing the arrest of two Jewish blockade-runners, displays his notorious anti-Semitism.
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    Writing to Gideon Welles, Abraham Lincoln Attends to a Request From Jewish Congressman Leonard Myers

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2340

    Republican Congressman Leonard Myers of Pennsylvania, renowned for his dedication to civil rights, wrote to President Abraham Lincoln not infrequently on behalf of those seeking an introduction, an appointment, or something to do with the machinations of war. Here, Lincoln writes to the Secretary of the Navy, Gideon Welles, that he wishes to accommodate Myers's request to appoint Charles R. Wilson to the Naval School.
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    Republican Nominee Abraham Lincoln Mentions His Childhood Friends of Spencer County to Former Employer William Jones

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2342

    Abraham Lincoln, returning to Indiana, says it would be rather nice to see his "old Spencer County friends."
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    Mary Surratt's Daughter Petitions Andrew Johnson for the Return of Her Mother's Remains

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2033

    Mary Surratt was hanged as a conspirator in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. She was also the first woman executed by the United States government. Here, her daughter, Anna, successfully petitions President Andrew Johnson for the return of her body.
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    General Custer Wants Brother Who Would Die With Him at Little Bighorn Appointed a Second Lieutenant

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 2054

    General Custer unsuccessfully requests that his youngest brother, Boston, be appointed second lieutenant in the Seventh Cavalry. Boston was not even admitted to the US army, due to his frail health. Custer ensured his brother was with him, and ultimately died with him, by appointing him as a scout.
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    Grover Cleveland, Recovering From Secret Cancer Surgery, Reports He is

    Autograph Letter Signed

    6 pages

    SMC 1970

    Recovering from his secret cancer surgery aboard a yacht a few months prior, Grover Cleveland reports to his physician and dear friend that he is having "a couple of drinks of whiskey a day, with very good results; and I smoke a cigar every day too."
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    Former First Lady Frances Cleveland Reports Ailing Grover Cleveland is

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 2018

    Although Grover Cleveland seems to be on the mend, with his "temperature, pulse & respiration" now normal, Frances Cleveland is still a bit distraught over her husband's slow recovery. He still has "trouble with his gut" and is perturbed that he's not gaining strength. It appears he's "breaking up generally." Cleveland would live for another seven years.
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    President Millard Fillmore Acknowledges the Gift of

    Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2034

    The Unitarian President Fillmore thanks the Presbyterian Rev. Septimus Justin for "a beautiful picture of 'ancient Jerusalem.'" Although he has only had time to glance at it, the appears to him to be well-executed.
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    Abraham Lincoln Corrects His Presidential Salary Payment, Which Credits Him With Days Not Worked

    Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1848

    Abraham Lincoln applies for his paycheck as President, and asks to be paid on the first of each month. He then realized that he started work on the fifth of the month, and immediately amends the request for the fifth of the month, lest he be paid for four days of work he did not complete.
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    Senator Benjamin Harrison on Writing about the

    Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1237

    Benjamin Harrison declines to write a short tribute to Abraham Lincoln, explaining that as he is short on time, it would not be appropriate to take on the task, as one must choose one's words wisely when discussing Lincoln.
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    Robert Lincoln Witnesses Assassinations of Three Presidents

    Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1108

    When asked if Chester Arthur should be kept under heavy guard, Robert Todd Lincoln responds that if a deranged person wants to kill the president, "it is impossible to thoroughly guard against those classes of people."
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    Thedore Herzl Considers an American Lecture Tour

    Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 739

    Theodor Herzl considers, and ultimately rejects, a lecture tour in the United States.
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    Contemporary Copy of Chase's Letter to Abraham Lincoln in Support of General Hunter's Emancipation Order

    Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 501

    Salomon P. Chase, President Lincoln's Secretary of the Treasury, was the most ardent abolitionist in Lincoln's cabinet. Here, he praises General Hunter's declaration of emancipation of all slaves in South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.
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    Lincoln Assassination Eyewitness Recalls Running to Fetch Dr. Liebermann Who Attended Lincoln's Deathbed

    Autograph Letter Signed

    8 pages

    SMC 2388

    Samuel Koontz ran to fetch the Russian-born Jewish Dr. Charles Henry Liebermann, who lived a scant two blocks from Ford's Theatre. The news that Liebermann was the first "important" doctor to attend Lincoln - discounting the gaggle of doctors (seven in all) from Ford's theatre - is significant. He was the first to treat him, owing to the distance between his house and the theatre.
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    Calvin Coolidge Mourns the Death of His Son, Calvin Jr.

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 2419

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    Jewish Colonel Max Friedman Certifies an Enlistment into the Cameron Dragoons

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 166

    Jewish Colonel Max Friedman Certifies the enlistment of Joshua Pickering into the Cameron Dragoons, a largely Jewish regiment.
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    Abraham Lincoln Appoints the Arabist Edward Joy Morris as Minister Resident to Turkey

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 156

    President Abraham Lincoln appoints Pennsylvania Congressman Edward Joy Morris as Minister Resident to Turkey. Morris had spent time in and written about the Levant, and as such, was suited to the post.
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    President Grant Stays an Execution of African-American Who Murdered a Jewish Peddler

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 144

    President Grant issues a stay of execution for Thomas Wright, an African-American who murdered Samuel Rogerski, a Jewish peddler.
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    Western Gambler

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 135

    This license, signed by Sheriff Johnny Behan, gave the famous gambler Ike Isaacs the right to run his faro game for one month, at a cost of $25.00 – about $525.00 in today’s money.
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    Simon Wolf's Original Contract For the Book

    Document Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 109

    This contract between author and scholar Simon Wolf, and publisher and editor Louis E. Levy, is a seminal document of a seminal work, The American Jew as Patriot, Soldier and Citizen, first published in 1895 and still in print, and use, over one hundred years later.
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    Passport for the Early Explorer of Jerusalem, the Reverend Eli Smith, Signed by James Buchanan

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2068

    Reverend Eli Smith, who had joined Reverend Edward Robinson as an Arabic-speaker during the latter's exploration of Biblical Jerusalem, travels to the Holy Land yet again, this time with a passport signed by then Secretary of State, James Buchanan.
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    An Early, and Uncommon, Warren G. Harding White House Card Signed,

    White House Card

    1 page

    SMC 334

    The genial Harding inscribes a White House Card with a cordial sentiment - "Good wishes!" – just two months into his Administration.
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    President William McKinley Signs Executive Mansion Card on His 55th Birthday

    White House Card

    1 page

    SMC 537

    On January 29, 1898, his first birthday in the White House, President William McKinley, turning fifty-five, signed this Executive Mansion card.
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    An Autograph Innovation: President Rutherford B. Hayes Signs an Executive Mansion Card

    White House Card

    1 page

    SMC 514

    Around the time of Hayes's presidency, it became fashionable to request the president's signature on Executive Mansion stationery. This card, dated, December 13, 1878, suggests that President Hayes might have filled requests for his autograph in his "down time."
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    Early Variant of Executive Mansion Card Signed by American President Millard Fillmore

    White House Card

    1 page

    SMC 1067

    Card signed by Millard Fillmore as President, being an early variant of a White House Card.
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    Woodrow Wilson, on the Ninth Day of His Presidency, Signs a White House Card

    White House Card

    1 page

    SMC 1316

    President less than two weeks, Wilson signs this White House card – in the top left corner, as would be his wont, to protect against anything being added above his signature.
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    President Theodore Roosevelt Signs a Mint White House Card

    White House Card

    1 page

    SMC 1269

    President Theodore Roosevelt renamed the Executive Mansion "The White House," and wastes no time ordering and signing the new White House stationery.
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    A Scarce Ronald Reagan White House Card Signed

    White House Card

    1 page

    SMC 1485

    A fine example of a rare White House Card signed by the 40th President, Ronald Reagan.
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    President Cleveland Appoints Nageeb Arbeely to Replace Anti-Semitic Selah Merrill as Consul at Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1595

    The wildly unpopular Consul at Jerusalem, Selah Merrill, is replaced by the Greek-ancestry-Syrian-born naturalized-American, Najeeb J. Arbeely.
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    President Franklin Pierce Appoints the First United States Consul to Serve in Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1741

    President Franklin Pierce appoints Boston physician John Warren Gorham as the first United States Consul at Jerusalem on October 20, 1856.
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    Jewish Confederate Hero Alexander Hart Grants Leave to Officers During a Brief Lull in the Civil War

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1642

    Alexander Hart, a storied and battle-proven Major in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States, directs and signs off on thirty-day leaves for officers.
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    H.C. Corbin, Who Established Policy of Religious Furloughs for Jewish Soldiers, Postbellum Army Documents

    Document Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1619

    Collection of documents signed by Henry C. Corbin, who, as Assistant Adjutant General during the Spanish-American War, established the policy that religious furloughs were to be granted freely to Jewish men in uniform.
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    President William McKinley Orders Seal Affixed to His Proclamation on the Death of Vice President Hobart

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1187

    Death warrant of Vice President Garret Hobart, signed by his dear friend, President William McKinley.
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    Document Signed by President William McKinley Close to His Assassination

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1190

    Document signed by President William McKinley two weeks before he was fatally shot.
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    On the First Day of His Second Term, William McKinley Promotes a War Hero

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1196

    Promotion of war hero Lt. Commander James Kelsey Cogswell to Commander; signed by William McKinley on the first day of his second term as president.
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    President William McKinley Commissions a Second Lieutenant

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1179

    Commission for Second Lieutenant Earnest M. Reeve, signed by President William McKinley in December of 1899.
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    President Benjamin Harrison: Celebrating the 400th Anniversary of the Discovery of America

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1173

    President Harrison leads the nation in celebrating the Columbus quadricentennial by authorizing the Seal of the United States to be affixed to a document entitled "The administration of the United States Government at the beginning of the four hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America."
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    President Benjamin Harrison Appoints a Commissioner for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1176

    President Benjamin Harrison appoints a commissioner for the exposition celebrating four hundred years since Columbus discovered America. The Exposition was held in Chicago and ran from 1 May 1893 until 30 October of that year.
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    Dr. Jacob Da Silva Solis Cohen Certifies the 1864 Death of a

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1132

    Here J. Solis Cohen certifies the death of a former slave in Philadelphia, identifying him as a "Contraband": a legally complicated and politically fraught designation indicating a "self-emancipated" human chattel, many of whom, as the Union armies moved in the South, rushed toward the advancing troops, there to join the ranks of their liberators.
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    Abraham Lincoln Appoints Edward Joy Morris Minister to the Ottoman Empire - and by Extension, Palestine

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1099

    In the midst of the Civil War, Lincoln replaces the Southern minister to the Ottoman Empire with Edward Joy Morris.
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    On His Penultimate Day in Office, President James Buchanan Pardons a Judge

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1076

    President Buchanan pardons a former judge, Daniel Vandersmith, serving a sentence for forgery.
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    Abraham Lincoln's Appointment of Benjamin F. Isherwood, the Creator of the Steam Navy

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1081

    Benjamin Isherwood designed steamboats that would quickly outrun blockade runners. Isherwood expanded the US Navy's fleet from 28 to 600 steam vessels in the course of the Civil War. Here, President Abraham Lincoln appoints Isherwood Chief of the Bureau of Steam Engineering.
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    Abraham Lincoln's Order That Sparked the New York City Draft Riots of 1863

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1084

    Abraham Lincoln's draft order for the state of New York, which sparked riots and racially-motivated violence and murders. It was the second largest civil insurrection in American history.
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    John Tyler, as President of the 1861 Washington Peace Convention, Certifies a Delegate From Massachusetts

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1050

    President John Tyler, who would eventually support the secession of the Southern states, certifies Charles Allen of Massachusetts as a delegate from that state, in the failed 1861 Washington Peace Convention.
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    Napoleon Bonaparte Authorizes a Soldier to Join the Egyptian Campaign in Syria

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1040

    Signed as General-in-Chief, Bonaparte signs papers for a soldier to join his campaign in Syria. The campaigns were deployed for French commercial interests, with the additional motivation of disrupting Britain's.
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    John Tyler, as President of the 1861 Washington Peace Convention, Certifies a Vermont Delegate

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1048

    President John Tyler, who would eventually support the secession of the Southern states, certifies Lucius Chittenden of Vermont, as a delegate from that state, in the failed 1861 Washington Peace Convention. Chittenden took it upon himself to take the minutes of the Conference and indeed, published them three years later.
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    Napoleon's Siege of Acre

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 999

    Bogged down at the Siege of Acre on what, only weeks before, he thought would be a quick victory on his way to Jerusalem, Napoleon here orders that his generals and the infantry, lancers and sappers, be paid.
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    On the Last Full Day of His Life, Abraham Lincoln Makes an Important Appointment

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 878

    On the last full day of his life, Abraham Lincoln appoints William Kellogg as Collector at the Port of New Orleans.
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    President Abraham Lincoln Appoints Jewish West Pointer Alfred Mordecai Jr. Second Lieutenant

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 445

    President Abraham Lincoln appoints Alfred Mordecai Jr. a Second Lieutenant four months into the Civil War. Mordecai would climb the ranks and die a general.
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    James A. Garfield's Appointment of the Anti-Semitic Selah Merrill as Consul at Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 438

    Merrill, who held the post of U.S. Consul at Jerusalem for almost three decades – appointed by three Republican presidents – is here installed in that position for the first time by James Garfield. Cleveland would remove Merrill, but he was re-appointed by Harrison and McKinley. He is generally considered to be the greatest reviler of the Jews to ever occupy the post of consul at Jerusalem.
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    Jerusalem Consul Wallace and Chief Rabbi Salant Solicit American Funds for the City's Institutions

    Document Signed

    8 pages

    SMC 836

    The situation of two of Jerusalem’s loftiest institutions - the Talmud Torah House and the General Hospital - are in dire straights, Rabbi Salant and Consul Wallace attest: this, the unhappy result of the “terrible loss of employment and income of our brothers in Russia who have heretofore been great supporters.” They appeal to American Jews for funding.
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    General Custer Signs Off on the Tobacco Allotment for Enlisted Men Who Died With Him at Little Bighorn

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 390

    Here, General Custer certifies that four non-commissioned officers of the 7th Cavalry have taken possession of a pound of tobacco each.
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    Dr. Jacob de Silva Solis Cohen: A Scarce Civil War Autograph

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 307

    Promotion of war hero Lt. Commander James Kelsey Cogswell to Commander; signed by William McKinley on the first day of his second term as president.
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    Custer's Aide, Frederick Benteen, Takes the Oath of Office as Captain in the 7th Calvary

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 303

    Here Benteen, infamous for coming to Custer's aide too slowly at the Battle of Little Bighorn, steps into history, taking the Oath of Office as Captain in the 7th Cavalry.
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    President Franklin Pierce Sets in Motion the Recall of the American Minister Resident in Turkey

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 238

    President Franklin Pierce recalls the American minister resident in Turkey, George Marsh, in order to dispatch him to Greece. Pierce needed Marsh to negotiate with the Greek authorities in order to free an American Consul stationed there who had been arrested and his property seized.
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    Abraham Lincoln Appoints Henry Ernest Goodman as Surgeon of Civil War Union Volunteer Army

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 160

    President Abraham Lincoln promotes the eminent and beloved physician, Henry Ernest Goodman, of Philadelphia, from assistant surgeon to surgeon. Edward Stanton, the Secretary of war, co-signed the document.
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    President Andrew Jackson's Big Cheese Tasting

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 399

    President Andrew Jackson invites a friend to the most famous cheese tasting in American history. On Washington's birthday, March 3, 1837, the President opened the White House for the American public to consume a cheese wheel, four feet in diameter, and weighing 1400 lbs. It took citizens of all walks of life approximately two hours to consume the block of cheddar.
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    A Wyatt Earp Autograph Letter Signed: An Incredible Rarity

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 391

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    Lincoln Names Himself

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 409

    Newly-minted Republican nominee Abraham Lincoln humbles himself before formal rival Cassius Clay in order to secure his position.
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    Abraham Lincoln in 1860:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 410

    Lincoln reports to his friend that his prospects for winning the 1860 election looked promising.
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    A Rare Abraham Lincoln Quote from Shakespeare's Othello

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 414

    Here, relating to the Mexican War ending, Abraham Lincoln alludes to "Othello's occupation's gone."
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    Herman Melville

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 419

    Herman Melville sends his only presentation copy of Clarel to an admirer, noting that the poem was so unpopular, the admirer would have a difficult time getting his hands on a copy.
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    Former President Franklin Pierce Defends Himself Against Treason Charges Brought by William H. Seward

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 422

    Franklin Pierce, a public detractor of President Lincoln and of the Union, is charged with being a member of a secret league, intending to overthrow the government. Incensed by the publication of the allegations, Pierce arranges for his old friend, Senator Latham of California, to introduce a resolution demanding that all the correspondence in the matter be submitted to Congress for inquiry.
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    Shortly After Firing General MacArthur, President Truman Writes of His

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 428

    In the days following MacArthur's dismissal, and all of the upheaval surrounding it, President Truman thanks his Secretary of State Dean Acheson for his unwavering support and friendship.
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    Harry Truman Looks at the Potsdam Conference 12 Years Later: An Astonishing Appraisal of What Went Wrong

    Autograph Letter Signed

    8 pages

    SMC 429

    Knowing that his papers would be released for reporters to examine his version of the Potsdam Conference twelve years prior, Harry Truman paints a revisionist history of what happened and what went wrong.
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    It Was His Boyhood Reading, Harry Truman Recalls, That Prepared Him for When His

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 430

    Harry Truman, the only U.S. President of the 20th century who did not receive a university education, reflects on how his childhood love of reading and self-education prepared him for his sudden ascent to the presidency.
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    George Washington Dreads Assuming the Presidency: He Feels as if He's Being Led to His Execution

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 433

    Draft of George Washington's letter to Major General Henry Knox, in which, thirty days before his inauguration, Washington compares assuming the presidency to being lead to his execution. He insists he doesn't have the political skill, ability, or even the inclination to lead. He fears, terribly, that he risks his good name in assuming the presidency.
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    Abraham Lincoln Reviews His Won-Lost Record in Electoral Politics Up to 1849

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 443

    At the request of his correspondent, John Coulter, Lincoln wrote this letter outlining his electoral win-loss record against his long-time detractor, the Reverend Peter Cartwright.
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    Edgar Allan Poe Details His Literary Life and Says

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 458

    Poe discusses literary merit and the business of publishing; identifies "The Raven" and "The Valdemar Case" as his best work.
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    30-Year-Old Theodore Roosevelt Declares His Affinity for the West, and His Identification with its Heroes

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 464

    Researching his history about the conquest of the North American frontier, Roosevelt writes to the president of the Tennessee Historical Society, declaring his affinity for, and identification with, such great Tennesseans as John Sevier, Isaac Shelby, William Clark, Daniel Boone, Davy Crockett and Sam Houston.
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    Abraham Lincoln Suggests Suffrage for Some Louisiana Blacks: The

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 448

    Abraham Lincoln tactfully suggests to the new governor of the freshly freed state of Louisiana, Michael Hahn, that Hahn might grant suffrage for blacks who either fought for the Union or were "very intelligent." This proposal was a very elegant compromise between those who did not want suffrage for blacks and those who did; it also ensured that Lincoln, right before an election, didn't rock the boat too much.
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    Herbert Hoover Explains, In Autograph, His Antipathy to Writing Holograph Letters

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 328

    Former President Herbert Hoover expresses his preference for typewritten letters for the sake of efficiency, but since "the typewriter is a poor method of conveying emotion," he handwrites this letter in order to "convey more than usual wishes of a happy and prosperous New Year."
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    Beset By an Ally-Turned-Detractor, Theodor Herzl Says It's a

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 331

    Theodor Herzl asks Ulla Wolff how much she wishes to be paid for her article in his newspaper Die Welt, insisting that frankness is the best way to avoid awkwardness between friends. He goes on to be even more candid, and describes his acrimonious split with one-time editor of the newspaper, Saul Raphael Landau, writing that it is a "miracle from God" that Herzl himself hasn't become an antisemite.
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    Abraham Lincoln's Famous Civil War Condolence Letter to Young Fanny McCullough About Loss and Memory

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 346

    Written to Fanny McCullough on the loss of her father, Abraham Lincoln makes a very rare reference to his mother's death when he was a boy. Lincoln, too, was dealing with more recent grief, having buried his son earlier that year. This letter was written a week after the battle of Fredericksburg, which claimed the lives of over 1500 men, including Fanny's father.
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    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 347

    Lincoln's Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton, pleaded with Lincoln not to go to Petersburg because of great personal risk to the President. Lincoln responds that he had already been to Petersburg with Grant, and plans to go to Richmond, newly fallen, as well. He assures Stanton that he will take care of himself.
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    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 349

    A subscriber of Leeser's periodical The Occident beseeches the publicly neutral Leeser to intervene with President Lincoln in order to end the Civil War.
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    Rare Abraham Lincoln Letter to His Dear Friend Abraham Jonas - He is

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 350

    Abraham Lincoln makes an extremely rare allusion, by way of a none-too-kind pun, to an intimate family problem. Lincoln cannot come to Quincy to speak on behalf of the Republican ticket, because he is working day and night to keep his wayward, crippled step-nephew out of jail. His nephew was the source of a considerable amount of trouble for Lincoln, and here he refers to it in code, for Jonas alone to understand.
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    Abraham Lincoln Arranges for the Anonymous Publication of His Famous Poem

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 353

    To minimize the risk of ridicule, Congressman-Elect Abraham Lincoln asks fellow lawyer, Andrew Johnston, to publish his poem about the publication his poem anonymously in the Quincy Whig.
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    President Abraham Lincoln Thanks a Jewish Philadelphian for the Gift of a Suit

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 356

    President Lincoln hand-writes every component of a letter of thanks to Jewish civic leader L.J. Lieberman thanking him on behalf of Messrs. Rockhill and Wilson, clothiers, who had donated a suit tailored to the President's measurements to the Great Sanitary Fair in Philadelphia in June of 1864.
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    Abraham Lincoln Sends His Autograph as a Favor to His Jewish Friend Sigismund Kaufmann

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 357

    Sigismund Kaufmann, a prominent Jewish-German, was a friend of President Lincoln, and had amassed the support of New York's German Jews in favor of Lincoln. He had requested Lincoln's autograph, and the president happily obliged.
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    Chaim Weizmann to Lorna Wingate on the Jewish Brigade:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 375

    Chaim Weizmann tells Lorna Wingate that the Jewish Brigade, and future army, is a long game, and will come with hard work and fortitude.
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    Chaim Weizmann in 1943:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 376

    Writing during World War Two, Chaim Weizmann assures Lorna Wingate that her husband Orde is on the mend after a bout of typhoid. In the interim, he comments that many things are happening in Palestine that would provoke the British, though he hopes they will not allow themselves to be provoked. It would be "nothing short of a miracle if we do get something out of this war," he ruefully remarks.
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    Chaim Weizmann Writes to Orde Wingate's Widow About Wingate's Death and Memorial

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 377

    Chaim Weizmann writes to Orde Wingate's widow, Lorna, about the upcoming dates for a memorial service for her husband in the Great Synagogues in London and Jerusalem.
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    Chaim Weizmann Agrees to Stand as Godfather to Orde Wingate's Son

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 378

    Chaim Weizmann agrees to stand as Godfather to the son of Major General Orde Wingate, Orde Jonathan Wingate.
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    Chaim Weizmann on the Jewish Brigade and Jewish State in 1944

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 379

    Chaim Weizmann writes to Lorna Wingate, the widow of Major-General Orde Wingate, to tell her that the British government finally approved the creation of the Jewish Brigade. Weizmann's feelings are mixed, though, as Wingate - who died five months earlier - would have made this Brigade "a powerful force."
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    Chaim Weizmann Analyzes British Partition Plans and Prerequisites for Statehood; Blasts American Jewry

    Autograph Letter Signed

    5 pages

    SMC 380

    Chaim Weizmann accepts Wingate's offer to organize guerilla night squads to defend against Arab terrorism, analyzes the British Partition Plans, and blasts American Jewry - all in one letter.
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    Horatio Nelson Rejoices at the Raising of the Siege of Acre - And Napoleon's Fleeing

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 108

    Nelson jubilantly reports that the French are being pushed back from Acre and from Zante (Greece), pleased at Napoleon "the villain's" ignominious end.
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    Mark Twain Names His Lecture Tour About Holy Land Trip:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 117

    Twain's use of the title, The American Vandal Abroad – a play on The Innocents Abroad - suggests that perhaps American tourists to the Holy Land weren't always so innocent. Twain recorded, aghast, how these religious pilgrims sliced off souvenirs from venerable biblical sites in Palestine.
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    Mark Twain to French Jewish Writer Marcel Schwob:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 118

    Here Twain denounces a French translation of a story he did not write, pronouncing it a "singularly unpleasant production." He assures Schwob that he has been deceived: "I do commit crimes," he writes, "but they are not of this grade."
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    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 120

    Samuel Clemens, speaking in third person, referring to himself as "the American historian of Joan of Arc," regretfully declines an invitation to meet the French ambassador. He signs the letter as "Mark," though he also refers to himself as Clemens.
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    Ulysses S. Grant Says Mark Twain Has Offered Him

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 121

    Here, Grant reports to his friend and advisor, George Childs, that he’s soured on the Century deal, and is being wooed by Twain’s own publishing firm, Charles L. Webster & Co.