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Topic

Human Aspect

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    Manuscripts (77)

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    Young John F. Kennedy Condemns Harry Truman's Reversal to Support the Partition of Palestine

    Autograph Manuscript

    2 pages

    SMC 149

    At a dinner of Jewish veterans, John F. Kennedy, then a congressman from Massachusetts, condemns Harry Truman's withdrawal of support for the partition of Palestine as "one of the most unfortunate reversals in American policy. Kennedy also called for the US to lift the arms embargo in order to give Israel a chance to protect herself in the ensuing war.
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    Truman on the Recognition of the Jewish State and the

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 370

    Two days into the Israeli War of Independence, Harry Truman thanks a rabbi for his offer to assist the President, and refers to the fledgling state's situation as "very dark."
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    Original 1900 Cook's Travel Poster - Nile & Palestine, with Sphinx

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 2434

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    Rare Receipt for Passage on the 1867

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2295

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    Original Painting of the Steamship

    Historical artifacts

    1 page

    SMC 2303

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    Harry Truman Declares

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 646

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    An Invitation to hear the Israel Declaration of Independence, May 14 1948

    Typed Letter

    1 page

    SMC 219

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    Palestine, Truman Says, is a “Matter of Considerable Disturbance” to be Determined by U.N.

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 686

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    Homesick General Eisenhower Writes of a WWII Visit to Jerusalem and Levant at Christmas

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 708

    Homesick Eisenhower writes to his wife to thank her for Christmas gifts and to express his longing to see her. He omits his recent promotion as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces.
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    Theodor Herzl Sets Out to Establish the First Zionist Congress and Vows

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 731

    Theodor Herzl tries to garner support for his vision of a Jewish State amongst the Hasidic Jews of Europe. Herzl sets forth his ecumenical vision, where Jews would be free to practise (or to not practise) their religion in their own way, with no "falling out over matters of religion." Herzl mentions the first Zionist Congress, confident that the Jews will obtain their ancestral homeland of Palestine.
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    Theodore Herzl Admits to Exhaustion But Swears to Continue

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 732

    Theodore Herzl admits to exhaustion but vows to continue the "great campaign" for as long as he is able.
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    David Ben-Gurion Compares, Favorably, the Fledgling IDF to George Washington's Revolutionary Army

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 766

    At a critical juncture, when Israel was vastly outnumbered, Ben-Gurion compares the fledgling IDF to "an army that had been established by the owner of an estate in Virginia." Though Ben-Gurion compares the IDF to George Washington's Revolutionary Army and wishes to learn from it, he also claims that the Jewish people's situation is "different from any other nation."
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    David Ben-Gurion on the Pioneer Generations and the Need for U.S. Immigration

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 769

    David Ben Gurion tells his correspondent that Israel was founded by pioneers but now needs immigrants from free countries, most notably the United States, to come and populate it.
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    Age Is Not an Impediment to Visiting Israel, David Ben-Gurion Argues

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 771

    David Ben-Gurion encourages Ida Camelhor Silverman, an eighty-six year old Hadassah officer, to visit Israel, citing the Biblical Sarah and Moses Montefiore as examples of people who travelled to Israel at advanced ages. Two years after receiving this letter, Silverman actually settled in Israel, where she would die two years after making Israel her home.
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    Chaim N. Bialik on the Jewish Persecutions in the Diaspora and the Determination to Make a Home in Zion

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 782

    Writing in 1934, Bialik affirms that the latest persecutions of the Jewish people necessitate the creation of a Jewish state.
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    Albert Einstein on the

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 792

    Here, Einstein writes a conciliatory letter, appreciating that Selig Brodetsky is not alienated by his gruff manner in handling and discussing the Hebrew University, a cause so dear to his heart. At the time a mathematician at the University of Leeds, Brodetsky would go on to become the Hebrew University's president twenty years later.
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    Jerusalem Consul Wallace and Chief Rabbi Salant Solicit American Funds for the City's Institutions

    Document Signed

    8 pages

    SMC 836

    The situation of two of Jerusalem’s loftiest institutions - the Talmud Torah House and the General Hospital - are in dire straights, Rabbi Salant and Consul Wallace attest: this, the unhappy result of the “terrible loss of employment and income of our brothers in Russia who have heretofore been great supporters.” They appeal to American Jews for funding.
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    A

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 837

    Song of Praise written and performed in Hebrew on the occasion of the arrival of the U.S. Consul, General Lew Wallace, to Jerusalem.
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    1898 French Railway Travel Poster Advertising Palestine

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 856

    A scarce travel poster for the French railway, Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée, or PLM, to Palestine, by the noted poster artist Hugo D’Alesi.
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    Rare Travel Poster: Cook's Nile and Palestine Tours

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 861

    This Thomas Cook travel poster advertising the Nile and Palestine tours is a rare 1901-1903 reprint of the original, produced in the 1870s.
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    Manuscript from Mark Twain's Missing 1867 Notebook, Announcing His Intention to Travel Abroad

    Autograph Note

    2 pages

    SMC 911

    In this leaf from one of Mark Twain's missing notebooks, the young author writes of his upcoming journey to Europe and the Levant. Twain would chronicle the trip in The Innocents Abroad, a book that which would launch his career as a writer.
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    Joshua Chamberlain and William Seward Assist the Jaffa-Adams Colonists in 1867

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 985

    Three weeks before many of the stranded colonists would leave Jaffa with Mark Twain on the Quaker City, Governor of Maine Joshua Chamberlain here passes on Secretary of State William Seward's interest in extending aide to 156 American Christian colonists in Jaffa.
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    Napoleon's Siege of Acre

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 999

    Bogged down at the Siege of Acre on what, only weeks before, he thought would be a quick victory on his way to Jerusalem, Napoleon here orders that his generals and the infantry, lancers and sappers, be paid.
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    1858 Senate Report Regarding the

    Typed Manuscript

    30 pages

    SMC 1012

    The 1858 Senate report, which details the murder and rape of the Dickson family in their agricultural colony. The author, Jonathan Steinbeck was a descendent of members of the colony, and the "Outrages at Jaffa" is alluded to in his East of Eden. Herman Melville, inspired by the tragic events, wrote his epic poem Clarel.
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    Napoleon Bonaparte Authorizes a Soldier to Join the Egyptian Campaign in Syria

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1040

    Signed as General-in-Chief, Bonaparte signs papers for a soldier to join his campaign in Syria. The campaigns were deployed for French commercial interests, with the additional motivation of disrupting Britain's.
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    Abraham Lincoln Appoints Edward Joy Morris Minister to the Ottoman Empire - and by Extension, Palestine

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1099

    In the midst of the Civil War, Lincoln replaces the Southern minister to the Ottoman Empire with Edward Joy Morris.
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    On His Penultimate Day in Office, President Ulysses S. Grant Announces His Intention to Travel the Globe

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1142

    Just before setting off on a two-year world tour, Grant arranges for bank dividends to be sent to his son and namesake, U.S. Grant, Jr. so that the latter can manage his affairs during the world tour.
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    Benjamin Harrison Names Solomon Hirsch Minister to Turkey, the Third Jew to Hold That Diplomatic Rank

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1531

    Solomon Hirsch tops President Benjamin Harrison's list of diplomatic appointees. Harrison was indebted to the German-born Hirsch, who carried his home-state of Oregon as Republican.
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    President Cleveland Appoints Nageeb Arbeely to Replace Anti-Semitic Selah Merrill as Consul at Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1595

    The wildly unpopular Consul at Jerusalem, Selah Merrill, is replaced by the Greek-ancestry-Syrian-born naturalized-American, Najeeb J. Arbeely.
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    Dr. Cyrus Adler Lectures in 1893 On His Presidentially-Mandated Tour of the Levant

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 1601

    Handbill for Dr. Cyrus Adler's lecture about his three-year tour of the Levant.
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    Herzl Directs U.S. Zionists to Force McKinley to Protest Turkish Discrimination of Jews in Palestine

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1680

    In 1900, the Ottoman Empire officially barred Jews from visiting the Holy Land. The Italian government immediately protested this violation of human rights, which distinguished between Jewish and Gentile Italian citizens. Here, Theodor Herzl aims to introduce the debate to Congress or Senate so that a country as powerful as the United States would emulate Italy's example, inspiring other countries to follow suit.
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    From

    Autograph Quotation Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1682

    Mark Twain's handwritten irreverent soliloquy from the Tomb of Adam in the Holy Land from Innocents Abroad.
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    Mark Twain's Last Day in New York Before Leaving on the

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1686

    A letter written in the wee hours of the morning after an evening and night spent drinking. Twelve hours later, Twain would be aboard "The Quaker City."
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    Rail Ticket for the Historic Jaffa-Jerusalem Railroad

    Ephemera

    1 page

    SMC 1723

    Rail Ticket, in French and Arabic, for the Jaffa-Jerusalem Railroad, 2nd Class. Palestine, no date. Punched and cancelled.
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    President Franklin Pierce Appoints the First United States Consul to Serve in Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1741

    President Franklin Pierce appoints Boston physician John Warren Gorham as the first United States Consul at Jerusalem on October 20, 1856.
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    Signed Photo of Edmund Allenby Entering Jerusalem

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 1772

    In direct contrast to Kaiser Wilhelm II's entrance to Jerusalem on horseback, Edmund Allenby respectfully dismounted before entering the Holy City. He was the first Christian to rule Jerusalem in centuries.
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    At the End of His Life, Albert Einstein Writes Check to His Beloved Hebrew University

    Check Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1814

    The Hebrew University was a dream towards which Einstein devoted a considerable amount of time, including serving on its board, speaking at its inauguration, and bequeathing all of his papers to it. Nearing the end of his life, he wrote this check, in 1955 for $10 (equivalent to $90 in today's money) to the American Friends of the Hebrew University.
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    Ulysses S. Grant Comments on the Refugees Who Have Fled to Constantinople

    Autograph Letter Signed

    6 pages

    SMC 1849

    In Istanbul, Grant was struck by scenes of the refugees – many of them, Bulgarian Jews – who had fled the notoriously anti-Semitic Russian invaders during the just-concluded Russo-Turkish War. Grant also discusses the gift of an Arabian horse from the sultan and the logistics involved in shipping it back to the United States.
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    President William McKinley's Appointment of the Antisemitic Selah Merrill as Consul at Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1879

    President William McKinley reinstalls Selah Merrill as consul at Jerusalem. Merrill held the post for about thirty years prior to this, his last appointment, and was widely known to revile the Jews in the Holy Land.
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    Rabbi Isaac Leeser's Review of Convert and Early American Zionist Warder Cresson's

    Autograph Manuscript

    4 pages

    SMC 1921

    Rabbi Isaac Leeser reviews the American Zionist Warder Cresson's book The Key of David. Leeser explictly states that he does not "wish to be considered as endorsing all Mr. C. advances." Nor does he regularly read his work. However, he continues, it makes for enjoyable reading to those who are "fond of high-seasoned polemical writings."
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    President Millard Fillmore Acknowledges the Gift of

    Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2034

    The Unitarian President Fillmore thanks the Presbyterian Rev. Septimus Justin for "a beautiful picture of 'ancient Jerusalem.'" Although he has only had time to glance at it, the appears to him to be well-executed.
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    Passport for the Early Explorer of Jerusalem, the Reverend Eli Smith, Signed by James Buchanan

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2068

    Reverend Eli Smith, who had joined Reverend Edward Robinson as an Arabic-speaker during the latter's exploration of Biblical Jerusalem, travels to the Holy Land yet again, this time with a passport signed by then Secretary of State, James Buchanan.
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    Early Carte-de-Visite Photo of Longtime U.S. Consul to Jerusalem, Selah Merrill

    Carte de Visite

    1 page

    SMC 2230

    Selah Merrill, known primarily as the longtime U.S. Consul to Jerusalem, famous for his antipathy for the Jewish people there, as well as anyone outside of mainstream Protestantism, was also, ironically, a chaplain with the 49th Colored Infantry during the Civil War. This rare carte-de-visite photo dates from his year's service in that capacity.
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    Mordecai Manuel Noah and Isaac Leeser Propose Relief for the Poor Jews of Palestine

    Autograph Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 237

    Mordecai Manuel Noah and Isaac Leeser propose relief for the poor Jews of Palestine, albeit through different channels. This typifies their differences of opinion and approach where the restoration of the Jews to the Holy Land was concerned.
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    Prime Minister Winston Churchill on Orde Wingate: A Man of Genius Who Might Have Become a Man of Destiny

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 293

    On his way to the second Quebec conference, Winston Churchill remembers that a year ago, he, Orde, and Lorna Wingate were on their way to the first conference. Churchill offers his condolences to the newly-widowed Lorna.
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    Winston Churchill Thanks Ormsby-Gore for Accepting Post to the Permanent Mandates Commission

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 294

    Winston Churchill Thanks Pro-Zionist Ormsby-Gore for Accepting Post to the Permanent Mandates Commission Responsible for Palestine.
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    David Ben Gurion Predicts That the Six Day War Will Not Be Israel's Last

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 302

    Ben-Gurion claims that as long as the USA and the USSR fight the Cold War by proxy in the Middle East - by arming Arab countries - there will be no peace in the region, and Israel will have to continuously fight for its survival.
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    President Herbert Hoover Silent on 1929 Hebron Massacre

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 330

    Writing to a minister's wife who was horrified by the 1929 anti-Jewish Hebron massacre in Palestine, President Herbert Hoover responds coolly to her "interesting observations."
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    Chaim Weizmann Thanks Clark Clifford for His Help In Getting President Truman to Recognize Israel

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 647

    Clark Clifford, President Truman's aide, argued against Secretary of State George Marshall "as if it were a case to be presented to the Supreme Court." Truman immediately recognized the Jewish State, and Weizmann, on his first day as President of Israel, thanks him.
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    David Ben-Gurion on God’s Promises to His People: Strength and Peace – One Given, the Other, Coming

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 664

    Two years before the Yom Kippur War, and quoting from Psalms, David Ben Gurion tells a correspondent that there is definitely trouble brewing with Egypt, yet God promises his people two things: strength and peace. The former is obtained, and the latter, Ben-Gurion has faith, is coming.
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    Chaim Weizmann in 1943:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 376

    Writing during World War Two, Chaim Weizmann assures Lorna Wingate that her husband Orde is on the mend after a bout of typhoid. In the interim, he comments that many things are happening in Palestine that would provoke the British, though he hopes they will not allow themselves to be provoked. It would be "nothing short of a miracle if we do get something out of this war," he ruefully remarks.
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    Chaim Weizmann Agrees to Stand as Godfather to Orde Wingate's Son

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 378

    Chaim Weizmann agrees to stand as Godfather to the son of Major General Orde Wingate, Orde Jonathan Wingate.
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    Chaim Weizmann on the Jewish Brigade and Jewish State in 1944

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 379

    Chaim Weizmann writes to Lorna Wingate, the widow of Major-General Orde Wingate, to tell her that the British government finally approved the creation of the Jewish Brigade. Weizmann's feelings are mixed, though, as Wingate - who died five months earlier - would have made this Brigade "a powerful force."
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    Chaim Weizmann Analyzes British Partition Plans and Prerequisites for Statehood; Blasts American Jewry

    Autograph Letter Signed

    5 pages

    SMC 380

    Chaim Weizmann accepts Wingate's offer to organize guerilla night squads to defend against Arab terrorism, analyzes the British Partition Plans, and blasts American Jewry - all in one letter.
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    Ben-Gurion Predicts Victory Under Dayan in 6-Day War; Discusses How Many Arabs Equal One Israeli Soldier

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 385

    Moshe Dayan is appointed minister of defence; Ben Gurion predicts that Israel will triumph over Egypt, Jordan, and Syria in the coming Six Day War.
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    Einstein on Zionism: He is for a Jewish Homeland, But Not a Separate State

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 392

    Rather than an independent Jewish state, Einstein would like to see a "secured bi-national status in Palestine with free immigration," adding that it defies common sense to "ask to be given the political rule over Palestine where two thirds of the population are not Jewish."
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    James A. Garfield's Appointment of the Anti-Semitic Selah Merrill as Consul at Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 438

    Merrill, who held the post of U.S. Consul at Jerusalem for almost three decades – appointed by three Republican presidents – is here installed in that position for the first time by James Garfield. Cleveland would remove Merrill, but he was re-appointed by Harrison and McKinley. He is generally considered to be the greatest reviler of the Jews to ever occupy the post of consul at Jerusalem.
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    David Ben Gurion on Anwar Sadat's Wanting Peace in 1971: He Isn't Convinced

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 508

    David Ben Gurion places responsibility for peace with the Egyptians at their feet, but also remarks that "a great deal depends on Russia."
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    Edward Robinson Writes to His Publisher to Inquire About His

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 545

    Edward Robinson, eager to sail home to America, inquires with his publisher as to the progress of his manuscript for Biblical Researches in Palestine. His work would be the cornerstone and genesis of biblical archaeology.
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    Lew Wallace's Signed

    Calling Card

    1 page

    SMC 594

    The author of Ben Hur's calling card, identifying Lew Wallace as the American Minister to Turkey.
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    General Edmund Allenby Commemorates His Victorious Entrance Into Jerusalem One Year Later

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 595

    General Edmund Allenby, in celebrating the Allied victory of World War I, humbly commemorates the year anniversary of his conquering of Jerusalem.
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    David Roberts Sends Sketches of Holy Land to Archaeologist to Refute Famous Argument About Temple Mount

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 645

    Ahead of a meeting of the Royal Institute of British architects in London, David Roberts sends his sketches to the archaeologist J.J. Scoles, with whom he would collaborate to debunk James Fergusson’s thesis that the Dome of the Rock was the original Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
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    Chaim Weizmann and Albert Einstein Sign a Hebrew University Postcard

    Signature

    1 page

    SMC 155

    Rare Hebrew University postcard signed by Chaim Weizmann and Albert Einstein, who, as much as anyone, made the dream of a Hebrew University in Jerusalem a reality.
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    Robert Frost Declares Himself a

    Autograph Manuscript Signed

    1 page

    SMC 167

    Robert Frost expresses his identification with, and friendship for, the "brave… little" nation of Israel. He also recommends reading the story of Nehemiah, possibly as a prelude to the modern-day restoration of the Jews to Israel.
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    Thomas Cook, Holy Land Tourism Pioneer, Receives Testimonial

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 184

    Thomas Cooke thanks a member of the clergy for a testimonial of his tour, and asks if any corrections are necessary.
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    A Broadside Advertising

    Broadside

    1 page

    SMC 186

    Broadside advertising Henry Dickson's museum of Palestine. Dickson, having lived in Palestine for five years, offers his spectators not only curiosities from the country, but insight as to the dress and custom of the Arab people. He also retells the story of the fateful night in which his family were "beaten, robbed and murdered."
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    Theodor Herzl Sends Postcard From Jerusalem to Menachem Ussishkin Ahead of Meeting With Kaiser Wilhelm

    Card Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 207

    In 1898, Theodor Herzl came to Jerusalem to ask Kaiser Wilhelm to appeal to the Turks for the creation of a Jewish state under a German protectorate. He sent Menachem Ussishkin a postcard from the Holy City.
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    Horatio Nelson Rejoices at the Raising of the Siege of Acre - And Napoleon's Fleeing

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 108

    Nelson jubilantly reports that the French are being pushed back from Acre and from Zante (Greece), pleased at Napoleon "the villain's" ignominious end.
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    T.E. Lawrence on Palestine: No One Trusts the British for More Than Two Minutes

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 110

    Primarily discussing his book "The Seven Pillars of Wisdom," T.E. Lawrence confides in Brig. General Sir Gilbert Falkingham Clayton that no person of any "race or creed" living in Palestine trusts the British for "more than two minutes." If they would, he ruefully comments, "things would be more stable there."
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    T.E. Lawrence Wants to

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 111

    T.E. Lawrence writes to his superior at the Arab Bureau, General Clayton, to ask if he should send a letter he wrote to Sir Mark Sykes, the man responsible for divvying up the Middle East between the English and the French. Here, Lawrence mentions to Clayton that the "Jewish section" should be cleared up, and when they fight the French, the French section will fall into English hands, as well.
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    General Charles

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 112

    Here, Charles Gordon, writing to friend and fellow explorer, Sir Samuel Baker, is positive of the location of not only Calvary, but of other archaeological sites purporting to be of biblical significance, though disputed, by his own admission.
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    General Charles

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 113

    Charles Gordon reveals that he will be going to Palestine. There, he will fulfill a cherished ambition, searching to establish authoritatively the locations of the site of the crucifixion, the line of division between the tribes of Benjamin and Judah, the identification of Gibeon, and the whereabouts of Christ’s tomb.
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    Mark Twain Names His Lecture Tour About Holy Land Trip:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 117

    Twain's use of the title, The American Vandal Abroad – a play on The Innocents Abroad - suggests that perhaps American tourists to the Holy Land weren't always so innocent. Twain recorded, aghast, how these religious pilgrims sliced off souvenirs from venerable biblical sites in Palestine.
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    Mark Twain's Mockup of Title Page and Dedication of

    Autograph Manuscript Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 119

    Mark Twain's handwritten mockup of the title page and dedication of More Tramps Abroad with a note about Innocents Abroad.
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