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Topic

Human Aspect

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    Manuscripts (86)

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    Medals Commemorating Napoleon's Defeat at Acre in 1799

    Historical artifacts

    1 page

    SMC 2363

    These four medals were minted to commemorate the landmark 1799 British victory at Acre, led by Sir Sidney Smith, over Napoleon’s French forces.
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    Harry Woodring Seeks Reappointment As Secretary Of War

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1405

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    Napoleon, Failing To Conquer Palestine, Orders The Ransoming Of Prisoners: August 1799

    Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 236

    After sustaining massive losses in his campaign on the Holy Land, Napoleon attempts to raise some revenue by ransoming off the hostages in his possession.
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    Mark Twain Mourns an

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 2377

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    Twain Asks His Young

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 2111

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    Original Painting of the Steamship

    Historical artifacts

    1 page

    SMC 2303

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    Saul Bellow on Kissinger, Sadat, and Writing

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1565

    In Jerusalem, and writing the journal which was to become "To Jerusalem and Back: A Personal Account," Bellow muses about his experiences in that city: the various and interesting people he is meeting, what he is thinking, and passing along what he has heard about two of great figures of that time and place – Henry Kissinger and Anwar Sadat.
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    William T. Sherman Recalls His Trip to the Levant, and Teases His Lady Friend About Harem Life

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1587

    William T. Sherman writes to Mary Audenried, teasingly warning her that travelling in the Middle East is especially hazardous to women, and that she could find herself in a harem. Sherman insists that western women are treated more as equals than women in the Levant.
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    John Wild Bets the Black Hills Gold Rush - Set Off by Custer's Discovery of Gold There in 1864 - is a Bust

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1752

    John Wild is willing to bet that those flocking to find fortune in the Black Hills "will be disappointed by going there."
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    Thomas Edison Inscribed Photo:

    Signed Photograph Inscribed

    1 page

    SMC 1771

    Inscribed photo by Thomas Edison, identifying himself as the inventor of the light bulb.
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    Signed Photo of Edmund Allenby Entering Jerusalem

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 1772

    In direct contrast to Kaiser Wilhelm II's entrance to Jerusalem on horseback, Edmund Allenby respectfully dismounted before entering the Holy City. He was the first Christian to rule Jerusalem in centuries.
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    Albert Einstein Tells Cyril Clemens He Consents to Having a Street Named After Him - But That's All

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1781

    Here Einstein responds to Mark Twain’s third cousin once removed, that he is willing to have a street named for him in Webster Groves, Missouri, but his health won't allow for him to attend the ceremony in order to deliver a speech.
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    Einstein on the Holocaust: He Never Forgot, Never Forgave

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1782

    Einstein declines an invitation to join Weltstaatliga (World State League), explaining that he can no longer participate in German public endeavors after the genocide of the Jews.
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    Albert Einstein Renounces German Citizenship;

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1792

    Albert Einstein writes to his son from aboard the Belgenland, where he has learned that Hitler had given orders to ransack not only his Berlin apartment, but also his summer cottage. He decides whilst onboard to renounce his German citizenship, and tells his son that he will likely never return to Germany again.
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    At the End of His Life, Albert Einstein Writes Check to His Beloved Hebrew University

    Check Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1814

    The Hebrew University was a dream towards which Einstein devoted a considerable amount of time, including serving on its board, speaking at its inauguration, and bequeathing all of his papers to it. Nearing the end of his life, he wrote this check, in 1955 for $10 (equivalent to $90 in today's money) to the American Friends of the Hebrew University.
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    While

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1822

    General Custer writes to his old classmates from Hopedale Normal College - which he attended before West Point - to tell them of the potential of a serious fortune made from their collaboration in mining in the Bighorn country.
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    Titanic Postcard: Rare Postcard From the Titanic - Sent at Beginning of Voyage; Ship

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1893

    Charlie Shorney writes to his father from the Titanic, telling him that the sea is calm, the ship is a "peach," and that he will be in New York next week. Charlie went down with the ship, and his body was never recovered.
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    Camille Pissarro Protests Alfred Dreyfus's Conviction

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1895

    Just five days after Zola published “J’accuse!” in the French newspaper L’Aurore, Pissarro writes to say that he wishes his name added to “the protestation against the awful judgment of the court-martial” to be published, apparently, in that crusading paper.
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    Check of Jewish-Owned Cochise County Bank in Tombstone Sends Money to and from Jewish Merchants

    Check Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1924

    Interesting artifact of Jewish life in the American West: a transaction from a Jewish owned bank in Tombstone to a Jewish tobacconists in San Francisco.
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    General Custer Wants Brother Who Would Die With Him at Little Bighorn Appointed a Second Lieutenant

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 2054

    General Custer unsuccessfully requests that his youngest brother, Boston, be appointed second lieutenant in the Seventh Cavalry. Boston was not even admitted to the US army, due to his frail health. Custer ensured his brother was with him, and ultimately died with him, by appointing him as a scout.
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    Horatio Nelson Rejoices at the Raising of the Siege of Acre - And Napoleon's Fleeing

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 108

    Nelson jubilantly reports that the French are being pushed back from Acre and from Zante (Greece), pleased at Napoleon "the villain's" ignominious end.
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    T.E. Lawrence on Palestine: No One Trusts the British for More Than Two Minutes

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 110

    Primarily discussing his book "The Seven Pillars of Wisdom," T.E. Lawrence confides in Brig. General Sir Gilbert Falkingham Clayton that no person of any "race or creed" living in Palestine trusts the British for "more than two minutes." If they would, he ruefully comments, "things would be more stable there."
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    T.E. Lawrence Wants to

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 111

    T.E. Lawrence writes to his superior at the Arab Bureau, General Clayton, to ask if he should send a letter he wrote to Sir Mark Sykes, the man responsible for divvying up the Middle East between the English and the French. Here, Lawrence mentions to Clayton that the "Jewish section" should be cleared up, and when they fight the French, the French section will fall into English hands, as well.
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    Custer:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 126

    General Custer writes to his friend, Judge Christiancy, to share with him a secret: He will be returning to Monroe, Michigan in a few months to be married. Inadvertently foreshadowing his death and Libbie's misfortune, Custer jokingly tells Christiancy that Libbie, who would "unite her destinies" with Custer's, is "fortunate, or unfortunate."
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    Lyndon B. Johnson on the Death of an Astronaut in the Apollo I Fire

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 131

    President Lyndon B. Johnson's letter of condolence to the parents of Roger B. Chaffee, an astronaut who died in the Apollo I fire.
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    Western Gambler

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 135

    This license, signed by Sheriff Johnny Behan, gave the famous gambler Ike Isaacs the right to run his faro game for one month, at a cost of $25.00 – about $525.00 in today’s money.
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    Jack London, Hit Hard By the San Francisco Earthquake, Concentrates on Building His Yacht,

    Typed Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 140

    The San Francisco earthquake, just three weeks before, has nearly wiped London out, and he hasn't, he says here, the funds to invest in an improved gas stove; his priority is building "the Snark, " with which he will circumnavigate the globe.
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    Chaim Weizmann and Albert Einstein Sign a Hebrew University Postcard

    Signature

    1 page

    SMC 155

    Rare Hebrew University postcard signed by Chaim Weizmann and Albert Einstein, who, as much as anyone, made the dream of a Hebrew University in Jerusalem a reality.
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    Robert Frost Declares Himself a

    Autograph Manuscript Signed

    1 page

    SMC 167

    Robert Frost expresses his identification with, and friendship for, the "brave… little" nation of Israel. He also recommends reading the story of Nehemiah, possibly as a prelude to the modern-day restoration of the Jews to Israel.
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    General Meade: Lee is Just 15 Miles Away and

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 190

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    President Lyndon Johnson Salutes Sir Winston Churchill's Commitment to Zionism

    Typed Letter Signed

    5 pages

    SMC 194

    President Lyndon B. Johnson writes to Dr. Max Nussbaum, the president of the Zionist Organization of America, to add his congratulations to Sir Winston Churchill on receiving the Theodor Herzl award for his contributions to the Zionist cause.
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    Abraham Lincoln Signed Photo from First Washington Sitting, With John Hay Note of Authentication

    Signed Photograph

    2 pages

    SMC 216

    One day after sneaking into Washington from Baltimore under cover of darkness, Lincoln, exhausted and pensive, sits as president-elect for this photo—his first taken in Washington.
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    Lyndon B. Johnson Writes to the Parents of Astronaut Gus Grissom, Killed in the Apollo I Fire

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1459

    President Johnson loved the Space Program; loved the astronauts; loved awarding Gus Grissom NASA's Distinguished Service Medal, for being the first American to fly into space twice. Burying Grissom, and his comrades, was a bitter responsibility – which he followed, still, with personal letters of condolence.
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    Christa McAuliffe, a Teacher, Writes About Her Excitement Going Into Space on the Ill-Fated Challenger

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1508

    Christa McAuliffe was the first civilian selected to join astronauts on a space mission. A school teacher, she was planning to give lessons from the spacecraft, to be broadcast live; she would show her students how astronauts ate, slept, and lived on the space shuttle. This letter, written five months before the tragic live broadcast explosion of the Challenger, reflects McAuliffe's enthusiasm for her mission.
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    Gregory Jarvis Says That Space Mission Assignment is

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1509

    Explaining that "being assigned to any mission is relatively tentative and re-assignment is just the luck of the draw," Jarvis tells his correspondent that after being bumped, he has been assigned to the Challenger as a payload specialist.
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    Dick Scobee, Commander of the Ill-Fated Challenger, Hopes to Be Selected as a Space Shuttle Astronaut

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1510

    Dick Scobee writes that he hopes to be selected as a space shuttle astronaut. He eventually would become the commander of the ill-fated Challenger.
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    William Tecumseh Sherman Vents Anti-Semitic Prejudices, Discusses Runaway Slaves, & Sketches Total War

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 259

    Writing during the war, Sherman casually blames smuggling and theft on Jews. Additionally, he depicts the hatred of the Southern population towards the North, justifying, presumably, his harsh conduct of war.
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    General Custer Gives an Order to His Loyal Adjutant Cooke, Who Would Die Next to Him at Little Bighorn

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 289

    This order to Cooke concerns another 7th Cavalry regular who also rode with Custer – though not as a friend. Major Lewis Merrill, with whom Custer had numerous run-ins, is alleged here to have taken some instruments belonging to the 7th Cavalry band: Cooke is tasked with making sense of what happened.
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    Libbie Custer Makes a Secret Plea to Aid the Widows of Captain Yates, Lt. Calhoun, and Enlisted Men

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 291

    In order to maintain their dignity, Libbie Custer secretly petitions for funds for the widows and children of fallen soldiers at Little Bighorn.
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    Prime Minister Winston Churchill on Orde Wingate: A Man of Genius Who Might Have Become a Man of Destiny

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 293

    On his way to the second Quebec conference, Winston Churchill remembers that a year ago, he, Orde, and Lorna Wingate were on their way to the first conference. Churchill offers his condolences to the newly-widowed Lorna.
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    Winston Churchill Thanks Ormsby-Gore for Accepting Post to the Permanent Mandates Commission

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 294

    Winston Churchill Thanks Pro-Zionist Ormsby-Gore for Accepting Post to the Permanent Mandates Commission Responsible for Palestine.
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    Thomas Edison:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 298

    Thomas Edison says he cannot complete the megaphone, as he is in the midst of working on the light bulb; that same day, however, the light bulb would be burning successfully.
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    Custer's Aide, Frederick Benteen, Takes the Oath of Office as Captain in the 7th Calvary

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 303

    Here Benteen, infamous for coming to Custer's aide too slowly at the Battle of Little Bighorn, steps into history, taking the Oath of Office as Captain in the 7th Cavalry.
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    Major Archibald Butt, Military Aide to Roosevelt and Taft, Writes the Day Before Boarding the Titanic

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 305

    Archibald Butt enquires about a refund for train travel, instructing the refund be sent care of the White House. Butt, in Europe to restore his health, would board the Titanic home to the United States the next day. He was last seen standing on the sinking deck with John Jacob Astor.
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    Einstein on the Tragedy of Herzl's Son:

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 311

    Albert Einstein comments that the tragic story of Theodor Herzl's children "constitutes a warning to all Jews against defection from their people," and gives permission to the author of a forthcoming book about Herzl to use Einstein's remark for PR.
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    President Taft's Eulogy for his Aide, Archibald Butt, Who Went Down with the Titanic Just Days Before

    Typed Manuscript Signed

    1 page

    SMC 366

    President Taft mourns his aide and friend Archibald Butt, who went down on the Titanic. Butt was a gentleman and a soldier, and, Taft is certain, would have gallantly gone down with the ship, after seeing to the rescue of others. Butt was last seen standing on the sinking deck with John Jacob Astor.
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    Chaim Weizmann to Orde Wingate's Widow About a Memorial for Wingate at Hebrew University in Jerusalem

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 374

    Writing to Lorna Wingate, the young widow of Orde Wingate, the British champion of the Jewish Zionist cause, Chaim Weizmann advises her about the political necessities in undertaking a memorial to her late husband at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
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    Chaim Weizmann to Lorna Wingate on the Jewish Brigade:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 375

    Chaim Weizmann tells Lorna Wingate that the Jewish Brigade, and future army, is a long game, and will come with hard work and fortitude.
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    Chaim Weizmann in 1943:

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 376

    Writing during World War Two, Chaim Weizmann assures Lorna Wingate that her husband Orde is on the mend after a bout of typhoid. In the interim, he comments that many things are happening in Palestine that would provoke the British, though he hopes they will not allow themselves to be provoked. It would be "nothing short of a miracle if we do get something out of this war," he ruefully remarks.
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    Chaim Weizmann Writes to Orde Wingate's Widow About Wingate's Death and Memorial

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 377

    Chaim Weizmann writes to Orde Wingate's widow, Lorna, about the upcoming dates for a memorial service for her husband in the Great Synagogues in London and Jerusalem.
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    Chaim Weizmann Agrees to Stand as Godfather to Orde Wingate's Son

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 378

    Chaim Weizmann agrees to stand as Godfather to the son of Major General Orde Wingate, Orde Jonathan Wingate.
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    Chaim Weizmann on the Jewish Brigade and Jewish State in 1944

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 379

    Chaim Weizmann writes to Lorna Wingate, the widow of Major-General Orde Wingate, to tell her that the British government finally approved the creation of the Jewish Brigade. Weizmann's feelings are mixed, though, as Wingate - who died five months earlier - would have made this Brigade "a powerful force."
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    Chaim Weizmann Analyzes British Partition Plans and Prerequisites for Statehood; Blasts American Jewry

    Autograph Letter Signed

    5 pages

    SMC 380

    Chaim Weizmann accepts Wingate's offer to organize guerilla night squads to defend against Arab terrorism, analyzes the British Partition Plans, and blasts American Jewry - all in one letter.
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    Extraordinary Orville Wright Letter Discussing the Birth of Manned Flight at Kitty Hawk

    Typed Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 382

    Lawrence L. Driggs, who later went on to write extensively about early aviation, wrote a letter to Orville Wright asking him what was "the most interesting or significant episode in the birth of flying at Kitty Hawk." This long letter is Wright's response, primarily describing unusual soaring experiences during various test-flights.
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    General Custer Signs Off on the Tobacco Allotment for Enlisted Men Who Died With Him at Little Bighorn

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 390

    Here, General Custer certifies that four non-commissioned officers of the 7th Cavalry have taken possession of a pound of tobacco each.
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    Einstein on Zionism: He is for a Jewish Homeland, But Not a Separate State

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 392

    Rather than an independent Jewish state, Einstein would like to see a "secured bi-national status in Palestine with free immigration," adding that it defies common sense to "ask to be given the political rule over Palestine where two thirds of the population are not Jewish."
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    Herman Melville

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 419

    Herman Melville sends his only presentation copy of Clarel to an admirer, noting that the poem was so unpopular, the admirer would have a difficult time getting his hands on a copy.
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    An Early and Rare Account by Orville Wright of the First Flight at Kitty Hawk

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 431

    Three weeks after the first flight at Kitty Hawk, Orville Wright dives into a detailed and technical explanation of what went right in the flight, and what went wrong.
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    Edgar Allan Poe Details His Literary Life and Says

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 458

    Poe discusses literary merit and the business of publishing; identifies "The Raven" and "The Valdemar Case" as his best work.
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    Emile Zola Writes to Alfred Dreyfus at the Height of the Dreyfus Affair

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 509

    Emile Zola's calling card, asking Alfred Dreyfus to send him a document which he has asked Zola to sign.
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    Alfred Dreyfus Writes to Emile Zola's Widow to Commemorate the Anniversary of the Publication of

    Autograph Note Signed

    1 page

    SMC 510

    Eight years after Emile Zola has died, Alfred Dreyfus continues to expresses his gratitude to Alexandrine Zola, Emile Zola's widow, on the twelfth anniversary of the publication of "J'Accuse."
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    Edward Robinson Writes to His Publisher to Inquire About His

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 545

    Edward Robinson, eager to sail home to America, inquires with his publisher as to the progress of his manuscript for Biblical Researches in Palestine. His work would be the cornerstone and genesis of biblical archaeology.
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    A Fateful Appointment: Abraham Lincoln Makes William T. Sherman a General

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 566

    Shortly after having been part of the Union loss at the Battle of Bull Run, Lincoln, in an effort to encourage the troops, promotes Sherman to General. Sherman would devastate the South and ensure Union victory three years later.
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    Franklin Pierce Describes Nathaniel Hawthorne's Last Night Alive on Their Trip to New England

    Autograph Letter Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 583

    Former President Pierce tells the story of his friend, the author Nathaniel Hawthorne's demise, detailing their last trip and the epic moment of Pierce’s discovery of his death.
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    General Edmund Allenby Commemorates His Victorious Entrance Into Jerusalem One Year Later

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 595

    General Edmund Allenby, in celebrating the Allied victory of World War I, humbly commemorates the year anniversary of his conquering of Jerusalem.
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    Josephine Earp, Wyatt Earp’s Jewish Widow, Admits Her Destitution to Earp’s Biographer

    Autograph Letter Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 618

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    Signature of Young Officer, J.J. Crittenden, Killed With Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn

    Signature

    1 page

    SMC 671

    Signature of John Jordan Crittenden III, whose father, Thomas Leonidas Crittenden was a Lieutenant Colonel who secured for his son an army commission after the latter failed out of West Point. The frail, one-eyed Lieutenant met his end at Little Bighorn with General Custer.
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    Signature of Second Lieutenant Henry Moore Harrington, Killed With General Custer at Little Bighorn

    Signature

    2 pages

    SMC 674

    Signature of Second Lieutenant Henry Moore Harrington, who was killed with Custer at Little Bighorn. His was one of three bodies to not have been identified.
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    Frank Lloyd Wright on

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 725

    Frank Lloyd Wright ostensibly responds to Lewis Mumford's book, The Conduct of Life, recently sent to him – and refers, obliquely, to Mumford's criticism of the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
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    Frank Lloyd Wright, Infuriated by His

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 726

    Frank Lloyd Wright, infuriated by "obituaries" of his work, and deeply resentful of the "European invasion" of ideas, vows to make a comeback for the sake of architecture itself.
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    Orville Wright Sets the Record Straight About the First Flight

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 728

    Twenty seven years after making history at Kitty Hawk, Orville Wright sets the record straight about three questions surrounding the first flight.
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    Albert Einstein on the

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 792

    Here, Einstein writes a conciliatory letter, appreciating that Selig Brodetsky is not alienated by his gruff manner in handling and discussing the Hebrew University, a cause so dear to his heart. At the time a mathematician at the University of Leeds, Brodetsky would go on to become the Hebrew University's president twenty years later.
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    Einstein on the Proposal to Create a Jewish Homeland in Peru

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 793

    Einstein expresses support for creating a Jewish homeland in Peru, and offers to do what he can to promote the project, cognizant that lending his name to a project concerning Jews will certainly have an impact.
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    Einstein, Working to Save Jews from Hitler, Discusses

    Typed Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 794

    Einstein discusses the Brown Book, an expose documenting, amongst other things, the oppression of Jews. The growing momentum of speaking out against Nazism was encouraging for Einstein, but he thought that it would be more impactful if the criticism came from "only foreign non-Jews." Einstein understood that with his high profile, his public condemnation of Germany would have deadly consequences for German Jews.
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    Albert Einstein Advises a Young Refugee From Germany, Then Controlled By What He Called

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 796

    Einstein encourages a young German immigrant to stay in California, as it offers more opportunities than Palestine; he advises against returning to Europe, from where, as he put it, "no good can come." He especially warns against Germany, controlled by "The Hitler Gang."
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    Einstein:

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 797

    In his reply to Inge Stern, a German ?migr?e to Los Angeles, Einstein notes that he's pleased she's getting on well, and adds that "Jewish smarts serve one well."
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    Albert Einstein Disagrees with Louis Brandeis; Argues that Palestine is Not the Key to Jewish Survival

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 798

    Writing in 1936, Einstein disagrees with Louis Brandeis that a Jewish state is necessary for Jewish continuity. "The persecutions will never cause us to perish," Einstein argues, and the dispersion of Jews around the globe ensures their survival.
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    Einstein Discusses an Understanding With the Arabs and Zionist Politics in 1942

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 800

    Writing in 1942, Einstein reiterates his support for Judah Magnes's proposal that the Jews and the Arabs of Palestine would come to an arrangement themselves, without the intervention of the British.
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    Einstein On His Anti-Nazi Work:

    Typed Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 801

    In 1943, Albert Einstein writes to Lionel Ettlinger that had people only listened to the pair of them, the horrors of the Holocaust could have been avoided. Einstein had travelled throughout Belgium and England in 1933 - shortly after Ettlinger had released a documentary about the German aggression against the Jews in Europe - warning anyone who would listen.
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    Autograph Letter of Astronaut Judy Resnik-Killed in the Challenger Disaster-About Autographs

    Autograph Letter Signed

    1 page

    SMC 819

    Judy Resnik, the second American woman, and second Jewish person in space, responds to requests for autographs and photographs.
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    Signed Photo of Challenger Astronaut Judy Resnik-Second American Woman, and First American Jew, in Space

    Signed Photograph

    1 page

    SMC 820

    Signed photo of doomed Challenger astronaut Judy Resnik-the second American woman, and the first American Jew, in space
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    Candidate Franklin Pierce Writes About Nathaniel Hawthorne's Campaign Biography of Him

    Autograph Letter Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 967

    An agitated candidate Pierce writes to the publisher of Nathaniel Hawthorne's campaign biography of him, demanding that the West and Southwest be "liberally supplied" with "Hawthorne's book" as "the sales which are to be made must be made promptly."
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    Napoleon's Siege of Acre

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 999

    Bogged down at the Siege of Acre on what, only weeks before, he thought would be a quick victory on his way to Jerusalem, Napoleon here orders that his generals and the infantry, lancers and sappers, be paid.
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    Napoleon Bonaparte Authorizes a Soldier to Join the Egyptian Campaign in Syria

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1040

    Signed as General-in-Chief, Bonaparte signs papers for a soldier to join his campaign in Syria. The campaigns were deployed for French commercial interests, with the additional motivation of disrupting Britain's.
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    Signature of James Calhoun, Custer's Brother-in-Law, Killed With Him at the Battle of Little Bighorn

    Signature

    2 pages

    SMC 1157

    Rare signature of Lieutenant James Calhoun, Custer's brother-in-law, who died with him at Little Bighorn on what would come to be known as Calhoun Hill.
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