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Topic

Human Aspect

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    Manuscripts (48)

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    Jewish Officer Ferdinand Levy Recruits a Soldier into the Famed Les Enfants Perdu Regiment

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1577

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    Civil War Leave Of Absence Document For Jewish Soldier Sgt. Solomon B. Kauffman

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 199

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    George Washington And Thomas Jefferson Signed Document: Trilingual Ships Papers

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1807

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    Rare Receipt for Passage on the 1867

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2295

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    Leon Czolgosz's Incredibly Rare Confession to the Assassination of President William McKinley

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1813

    Czolgosz's twice-signed confession to assassinating President McKinley, stemming from anarchist convictions.
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    President William McKinley's Appointment of the Antisemitic Selah Merrill as Consul at Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1879

    President William McKinley reinstalls Selah Merrill as consul at Jerusalem. Merrill held the post for about thirty years prior to this, his last appointment, and was widely known to revile the Jews in the Holy Land.
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    Passport for the Early Explorer of Jerusalem, the Reverend Eli Smith, Signed by James Buchanan

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 2068

    Reverend Eli Smith, who had joined Reverend Edward Robinson as an Arabic-speaker during the latter's exploration of Biblical Jerusalem, travels to the Holy Land yet again, this time with a passport signed by then Secretary of State, James Buchanan.
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    1856 Poll Book Certifying Abraham Jonas, Lincoln's Intimate Jewish Friend, an Elector

    Ephemera

    3 pages

    SMC 2176

    Abraham Lincoln appears alongside one of his best friends, a British born Jew named Abraham Jonas, in an 1856 poll book.
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    President Cleveland Appoints Nageeb Arbeely to Replace Anti-Semitic Selah Merrill as Consul at Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1595

    The wildly unpopular Consul at Jerusalem, Selah Merrill, is replaced by the Greek-ancestry-Syrian-born naturalized-American, Najeeb J. Arbeely.
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    H.C. Corbin, Who Established Policy of Religious Furloughs for Jewish Soldiers, Postbellum Army Documents

    Document Signed

    4 pages

    SMC 1619

    Collection of documents signed by Henry C. Corbin, who, as Assistant Adjutant General during the Spanish-American War, established the policy that religious furloughs were to be granted freely to Jewish men in uniform.
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    An Early Civil War Treatise on Gunshot Wounds By Surgeon General P.J. Horowitz

    Autograph Document Signed

    6 pages

    SMC 1639

    P.J. Horwitz, a Baltimore Jew appointed Surgeon General of the Navy, describes in detail the variety of gunshot wounds, and their treatment, early in the Civil War, as most surgeons had not yet encountered gunshot wounds.
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    Jewish Confederate Hero Alexander Hart Grants Leave to Officers During a Brief Lull in the Civil War

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 1642

    Alexander Hart, a storied and battle-proven Major in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States, directs and signs off on thirty-day leaves for officers.
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    Gideon Welles is Summoned to Abraham Lincoln's Last, and Prophetic, Cabinet Meeting

    Autograph Document

    1 page

    SMC 1739

    Secretary of the Navy, Gideon Welles, is summoned to President Lincoln's last cabinet meeting, held hours before Lincoln's assassination.
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    President Franklin Pierce Appoints the First United States Consul to Serve in Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1741

    President Franklin Pierce appoints Boston physician John Warren Gorham as the first United States Consul at Jerusalem on October 20, 1856.
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    Simon Wolf's Original Contract For the Book

    Document Signed

    3 pages

    SMC 109

    This contract between author and scholar Simon Wolf, and publisher and editor Louis E. Levy, is a seminal document of a seminal work, The American Jew as Patriot, Soldier and Citizen, first published in 1895 and still in print, and use, over one hundred years later.
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    Western Gambler

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 135

    This license, signed by Sheriff Johnny Behan, gave the famous gambler Ike Isaacs the right to run his faro game for one month, at a cost of $25.00 – about $525.00 in today’s money.
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    President Grant Stays an Execution of African-American Who Murdered a Jewish Peddler

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 144

    President Grant issues a stay of execution for Thomas Wright, an African-American who murdered Samuel Rogerski, a Jewish peddler.
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    Abraham Lincoln Appoints the Arabist Edward Joy Morris as Minister Resident to Turkey

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 156

    President Abraham Lincoln appoints Pennsylvania Congressman Edward Joy Morris as Minister Resident to Turkey. Morris had spent time in and written about the Levant, and as such, was suited to the post.
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    Abraham Lincoln Appoints Henry Ernest Goodman as Surgeon of Civil War Union Volunteer Army

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 160

    President Abraham Lincoln promotes the eminent and beloved physician, Henry Ernest Goodman, of Philadelphia, from assistant surgeon to surgeon. Edward Stanton, the Secretary of war, co-signed the document.
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    Jewish Colonel Max Friedman Certifies an Enlistment into the Cameron Dragoons

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 166

    Jewish Colonel Max Friedman Certifies the enlistment of Joshua Pickering into the Cameron Dragoons, a largely Jewish regiment.
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    Mordecai Manuel Noah and Isaac Leeser Propose Relief for the Poor Jews of Palestine

    Autograph Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 237

    Mordecai Manuel Noah and Isaac Leeser propose relief for the poor Jews of Palestine, albeit through different channels. This typifies their differences of opinion and approach where the restoration of the Jews to the Holy Land was concerned.
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    President Franklin Pierce Sets in Motion the Recall of the American Minister Resident in Turkey

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 238

    President Franklin Pierce recalls the American minister resident in Turkey, George Marsh, in order to dispatch him to Greece. Pierce needed Marsh to negotiate with the Greek authorities in order to free an American Consul stationed there who had been arrested and his property seized.
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    Custer's Aide, Frederick Benteen, Takes the Oath of Office as Captain in the 7th Calvary

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 303

    Here Benteen, infamous for coming to Custer's aide too slowly at the Battle of Little Bighorn, steps into history, taking the Oath of Office as Captain in the 7th Cavalry.
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    Dr. Jacob de Silva Solis Cohen: A Scarce Civil War Autograph

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 307

    Promotion of war hero Lt. Commander James Kelsey Cogswell to Commander; signed by William McKinley on the first day of his second term as president.
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    Abraham Lincoln: A December 8 Oath of Allegiance

    Autograph Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 352

    The Oath of December 8 was announced by Lincoln, on that day, in his annual message to congress in 1863. He would offer a pardon to any man who would swear, without coercion, his allegiance to the Union.
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    General Custer Signs Off on the Tobacco Allotment for Enlisted Men Who Died With Him at Little Bighorn

    Document Signed

    2 pages

    SMC 390

    Here, General Custer certifies that four non-commissioned officers of the 7th Cavalry have taken possession of a pound of tobacco each.
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    James A. Garfield's Appointment of the Anti-Semitic Selah Merrill as Consul at Jerusalem

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 438

    Merrill, who held the post of U.S. Consul at Jerusalem for almost three decades – appointed by three Republican presidents – is here installed in that position for the first time by James Garfield. Cleveland would remove Merrill, but he was re-appointed by Harrison and McKinley. He is generally considered to be the greatest reviler of the Jews to ever occupy the post of consul at Jerusalem.
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    President Abraham Lincoln Appoints Jewish West Pointer Alfred Mordecai Jr. Second Lieutenant

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 445

    President Abraham Lincoln appoints Alfred Mordecai Jr. a Second Lieutenant four months into the Civil War. Mordecai would climb the ranks and die a general.
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    Jerusalem Consul Wallace and Chief Rabbi Salant Solicit American Funds for the City's Institutions

    Document Signed

    8 pages

    SMC 836

    The situation of two of Jerusalem’s loftiest institutions - the Talmud Torah House and the General Hospital - are in dire straights, Rabbi Salant and Consul Wallace attest: this, the unhappy result of the “terrible loss of employment and income of our brothers in Russia who have heretofore been great supporters.” They appeal to American Jews for funding.
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    On the Last Full Day of His Life, Abraham Lincoln Makes an Important Appointment

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 878

    On the last full day of his life, Abraham Lincoln appoints William Kellogg as Collector at the Port of New Orleans.
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    Napoleon's Siege of Acre

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 999

    Bogged down at the Siege of Acre on what, only weeks before, he thought would be a quick victory on his way to Jerusalem, Napoleon here orders that his generals and the infantry, lancers and sappers, be paid.
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    Napoleon Bonaparte Authorizes a Soldier to Join the Egyptian Campaign in Syria

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1040

    Signed as General-in-Chief, Bonaparte signs papers for a soldier to join his campaign in Syria. The campaigns were deployed for French commercial interests, with the additional motivation of disrupting Britain's.
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    John Tyler, as President of the 1861 Washington Peace Convention, Certifies a Vermont Delegate

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1048

    President John Tyler, who would eventually support the secession of the Southern states, certifies Lucius Chittenden of Vermont, as a delegate from that state, in the failed 1861 Washington Peace Convention. Chittenden took it upon himself to take the minutes of the Conference and indeed, published them three years later.
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    John Tyler, as President of the 1861 Washington Peace Convention, Certifies a Delegate From Massachusetts

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1050

    President John Tyler, who would eventually support the secession of the Southern states, certifies Charles Allen of Massachusetts as a delegate from that state, in the failed 1861 Washington Peace Convention.
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    On His Penultimate Day in Office, President James Buchanan Pardons a Judge

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1076

    President Buchanan pardons a former judge, Daniel Vandersmith, serving a sentence for forgery.
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    Abraham Lincoln's Appointment of Benjamin F. Isherwood, the Creator of the Steam Navy

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1081

    Benjamin Isherwood designed steamboats that would quickly outrun blockade runners. Isherwood expanded the US Navy's fleet from 28 to 600 steam vessels in the course of the Civil War. Here, President Abraham Lincoln appoints Isherwood Chief of the Bureau of Steam Engineering.
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    Abraham Lincoln's Order That Sparked the New York City Draft Riots of 1863

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1084

    Abraham Lincoln's draft order for the state of New York, which sparked riots and racially-motivated violence and murders. It was the second largest civil insurrection in American history.
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    Lawyer Abraham Lincoln Defends Farmer in Dispute Over Hogs

    Autograph Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1089

    Legal brief from a case in which Abraham Lincoln, in his time known as one of the top lawyers in the country, unsuccessfully defends a farmer in a dispute over a verbal agreement about the price of hogs.
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    Abraham Lincoln Appoints Edward Joy Morris Minister to the Ottoman Empire - and by Extension, Palestine

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1099

    In the midst of the Civil War, Lincoln replaces the Southern minister to the Ottoman Empire with Edward Joy Morris.
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    Dr. Jacob Da Silva Solis Cohen Certifies the 1864 Death of a

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1132

    Here J. Solis Cohen certifies the death of a former slave in Philadelphia, identifying him as a "Contraband": a legally complicated and politically fraught designation indicating a "self-emancipated" human chattel, many of whom, as the Union armies moved in the South, rushed toward the advancing troops, there to join the ranks of their liberators.
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    President Benjamin Harrison: Celebrating the 400th Anniversary of the Discovery of America

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1173

    President Harrison leads the nation in celebrating the Columbus quadricentennial by authorizing the Seal of the United States to be affixed to a document entitled "The administration of the United States Government at the beginning of the four hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America."
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    President Benjamin Harrison Appoints a Commissioner for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1176

    President Benjamin Harrison appoints a commissioner for the exposition celebrating four hundred years since Columbus discovered America. The Exposition was held in Chicago and ran from 1 May 1893 until 30 October of that year.
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    President William McKinley Commissions a Second Lieutenant

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1179

    Commission for Second Lieutenant Earnest M. Reeve, signed by President William McKinley in December of 1899.
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    President William McKinley Orders Seal Affixed to His Proclamation on the Death of Vice President Hobart

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1187

    Death warrant of Vice President Garret Hobart, signed by his dear friend, President William McKinley.
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    Document Signed by President William McKinley Close to His Assassination

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1190

    Document signed by President William McKinley two weeks before he was fatally shot.
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    On the First Day of His Second Term, William McKinley Promotes a War Hero

    Document Signed

    1 page

    SMC 1196

    Promotion of war hero Lt. Commander James Kelsey Cogswell to Commander; signed by William McKinley on the first day of his second term as president.
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